Why Onions Rot In The Bed And In Storage, How To Prevent It | Gardeners Info

You may encounter the nuisance of feather and bulb rot when growing onions. The same problem often occurs when storing them over the winter. So why do onions rot on the bed and in storage, what to do about it and what measures to take to save the crop?

Content

  1. What causes onion rot
  2. How to save onions from rotting when growing in a bed
  3. Grounding up the crops
  4. Regular watering and feeding
  5. Timely control of diseases
  6. Good harvesting
  7. What to do, Onions don't rot in storage
  8. Videos on how to harvest and store onions without rot

What causes onions to rot

The onion, though a simple crop to grow, requires the attention of gardeners. In order for the plants to grow, develop and store well, they need to be given good conditions.

The main reasons why onions rot include:

  • not following crop rotation. It is best to plant onions in place of potatoes or cucumbers;
  • poor seed preparation. For onions not to rot, it is necessary to dry them well and disinfect them in a dark pink manganese solution;
  • inadequate soil preparation before planting;
  • observance of the agricultural technique of cultivation;
  • possession of pests. There are safe ways to combat these pests: growing beds with ashes, garlic or tobacco;
  • harvesting crops with damaged bulbs;
  • poorly drying before storing.
Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info

How to stop onions rotting in a bed

Rotten onions in a bed have many different causes. It can be weather conditions beyond the vegetable grower's control or errors in care and cultivation. Let's try to figure out how to avoid this problem.

Compliance with agrotechnics

One of the most frequent causes of onions rotting in the bed is a violation of agrotechnics. What are the important points to consider when growing this crop?

Friable soil with a neutral reaction is suitable for growing onions. If the soil is acidic, it is necessary to make in advance, for example, Lime-Gumi Disintegrant with boron - 200 g per 1 sq. m.

The growth of onions, their resistance to diseases and pests also depend on the preliminary preparation of the seed material. First you need to soak the seedling in a dark pink solution of manganese for 15-20 minutes, then - in a solution of OZH (two drops of Gumi + 10 drops of Fitosporin-M per 200 ml of water) and dry it.

Before planting the seedling on the beds you should prepare furrows at a distance of 20-25 cm, planting depth should not exceed 3-4 cm, and distance between bulbs - 10-12 cm. After planting, the bed should be mulched to a height of Z-5 cm with peat, sawdust or humus.

  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info
  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info
  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info

Regular watering and feeding

For a good harvest and no rot on the onion, timely watering and feeding are very important.

Water the beds regularly until the bulbs mature. If there is not enough moisture, the bulbs will be small and the crop will be small. Onions require the maximum amount of moisture during the first period of intensive growth and development. But already in the second period of vegetation, excess moisture leads to the development of putrefactive bacteria.

The balance of nutrients is important in the cultivation of onions. A deficit or excess of each of them leads to negative effects, and timely fertilization will ensure active growth and high yield.

When the feather height is 9-10 cm, the first fertilization with potassium and phosphorus fertilizers, for example, Humi-Omi Kalium + Humi-Omi Phosphorus is carried out. For this purpose you should dissolve 25 g of each fertilizer in 10 l water, add 10 ml of Reanimator and water the plant furrows at the rate of 10 l per 10 m of bed.

  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info
  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info

Feed on the damp soil. If the soil is dry, water the bed first with clean water.

Feed 10 days later (foliar application) with Rich (Vegetables): Dissolve 20 ml of the product in 10 liters of water. Pour the ready working solution into a watering can and water the plants from above, so that it gets on the leaves. Feeding should be carried out in early morning or evening hours.

Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info

Timely disease control

The onion is affected by diseases that reduce its yield. These include:

  • mucus dew;
  • rust;
  • gray rot.

Bulbs are affected during storage by several types of rot:

  • bacterial;
  • neck rot;
  • fusarium rot.

Biofungicides are excellent for all varieties.

  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info
  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info
  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info
  • Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info

Правильная Harvesting

The onions are harvested in sunny, clear weather. As soon as the feathers have laid down on the bed, you must harvest immediately, or the plants will go back into growth. If the weather is good, the onions are dried directly on the bed for a week at a temperature of 25-30 ° C.

What to do to prevent onions from rotting during storage

In the Research Institute of Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products in Krasnodar we conducted an experiment: Onions were treated with Phytosporin-M Anti-Pollution and kept at 0 ... +2 ° C. The research lasted seven months and the following results were obtained:

  • 23% more onions were preserved than in the variant without Anti-Greenhouse treatment;
  • 3.8 times less bulbs sprouting;
  • 29% higher vitamin C content;
  • 50% higher pectin content;
  • 100 times less mold and yeast.
Why onions rot in the bed and in storage, how to prevent it | Gardeners Info

For the rot, a garlic decoction can be used: 650 g of garlic infuse 10 L of water and boil for 3 hours on low heat. Then bring it back to 10 liters, add the green soap \"Hurray! To Dacha!\" and spray the onion beds.

Video on how to harvest and store onions without rot

When and how you should harvest onions to keep them in their original form for a long time. How to dry the harvested crop and prepare it for storage. Under what conditions it is better to store. Watch this informative video!

We hope our tips will help you keep onions from rotting and grow a rich harvest of this healthy vegetable crop.

We hope you will find the best ways to preserve them.

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