Redroot is a valuable source of vitamins and trace elements. It can be grown even in harsh Siberian conditions. All you need to do is to choose a suitable variety and follow a simple farming technique.
- Redberry varieties for Siberia
- Time to plant radishes in Siberia
- When to plant radishes in Siberia in 2022 according to the lunar calendar
- Preparing the soil
- Preparing the seeds
- How to plant radishes in
- The ideal place to grow radishes
- Seeding sequence
- How to grow a rich radish crop
Radish varieties for Siberia
Siberia is a region of risky agriculture. Therefore, large-fruited varieties with a long storage period are suitable for cultivation under harsh weather and climatic conditions. These include:
- \"Round Black\" is a classic variety with a long history, whose properties have been tested and confirmed by time. Root crops are large, weighing up to 0.5 kg. He unpretentious, does not require complex agricultural technology. The roots of this radish are known for their healing properties for treating colds, bronchitis, and inflammation. The juicy white flesh is characterized by a rich spicy-bitter taste;
- \"Skvirskaya black\" - the root crops of this radish are moderately large, 0.3-0.5 kg each. They have a soft, pleasant tanginess. The feature is the ability to retain the texture of freshly picked vegetable, even during long-term storage;
- \"Elephant's Fang\" - the variety got its name because of the cone-shaped white rootcrops. It is universal for growing in all climatic conditions and popular in Russia. It is a Chinese daikon hybrid with a characteristic tangy flavor and juicy crunchy flesh.
You should also pay attention to varieties with a short vegetation period. They are early maturing varieties and allow for a harvest as early as 40-90 days after sowing. This group includes varieties:
- \"Munchenbeer\" large root crops up to 0,7 kg with delicate taste;
- \"Dresden bunch\" is a sprinter among radish varieties. It takes only 45 days from sowing to harvesting. The fruits are small, about 0.2 kg. Juicy, with a pleasant crunchiness;
- \"Bobenheimskaya\" - matures in 1.5-2 months, has a high yield. The root crops are large, up to 0.5 kg, with a rich tangy taste;
- \"Grajvoronska\" has a high yield. Ripens in an average of 110 days. The fruits are cone-shaped, white, with a spicy, spicy flavor.
You can also experiment with growing other varieties, focusing on the short growing season and suitability of the root crops for long-term storage.
Times of planting radishes in Siberia
Times of planting depend on the weather conditions in the current year and the climatic characteristics of the region. The general rules of radish planting in the Urals are as follows:
- The time of planting early varieties - immediately after the snow melts;
- for summer varieties the best period is April-May, about 2-3 weeks after the snow melts;
- autumn varieties, most popular in Siberia, should be sown in the first decade of July.
Sort varieties with a shortened growing season should be sown in late June or early July so that their main period of growth and development will be during the warmest part of the summer.
When to plant radishes in Siberia in 2022 according to the lunar calendar
Favorable days for planting radishes in 2022:
- January 1, 2, 6, 7, 11, 14-16, 27-30
- February 3, 4, 8-10, 13, 14, 17, 19-23, 26
- March 1, 6-8, 10-12, 16, 17, 21-23, 25, 26, 29-31
- April 3-9, 12-16, 26, 27
- May 1-6, 10, 11, 15, 17, 19, 23, 24, 27, 31
- June 1-3, 7-9, 12, 14 16,  19, 20, 24, 25, 29, 30
Preparing the soil
Care for a good radish crop in advance by preparing the soil since the fall. Before the onset of winter, the plot, where it is planned to grow this vegetable, should be deeply recultivated. The same operation is repeated in the spring, at the beginning of agricultural works. The depth of recultivation should be not less than the length of the bayonet of a spade. It is necessary to achieve a loose soil, this is a prerequisite for sufficient aeration of plants.
For each recultivation the soil is fertilized with a mixture of potassium salt, ammonium nitrate and superphosphate in proportions of 1:1:1.5 at the rate of 5.5 kg of complex fertilizer per 1 sot.
The soil ready for radish planting should not be sour. Prepared soil is loose, lush, well warmed.
Before sowing the seeds are sorted, removing small and damaged grains, and washed under running water.
After that the seeds are soaked for one day in a water-salt solution. It is prepared from tap water at room temperature and table salt at the rate of 1 tbsp. per glass. This will improve the germination of seeds.
In order to prevent the development of diseases the seeds for a day are dipped into a weak solution of potassium permanganate. A 1% iodine solution may be used for the same purpose.
Seeds prepared in this way are calibrated again. For this purpose it is convenient to use a sieve with holes of 2-4 mm in diameter.
How to plant radish in Siberia
The ideal place to grow radish
A site well warmed by the sun should be chosen for planting. Radishes are undemanding and shade-tolerant plants, but without sufficient light they will produce a poor harvest.
It is important to consider what vegetable crop was grown in the bed the previous season!
The best beds for radishes are those where legumes and nightshades (peas, beans, potatoes, tomatoes), melons and salad plants grew last year. Where other root crops used to grow (turnips, beets, carrots, turnips, radishes, etc.), other root crops will not yield. Also, horseradish and all varieties of cabbage are unsuitable predecessors for radishes.
- Before sowing, the soil should once more be thoroughly loosened and fertilized. Fresh manure is not suitable for this work, it will excessively oxidize the soil. It is better to use a mixture of decomposed manure and wood ash.
- In the prepared and fertilized soil make shallow furrows (2-3 cm) at a distance of not 25-30 cm. The seeds are sown directly into the ground. Depending on the variety maintain a step of 8-15 cm.
- Boles should be covered with loose soil and slightly compacted, but not tamped. The top of the bed is covered with a thin layer of peat and ash mixture. This will provide the seeds with additional nutrition and protect them from insect pests.
- The bed is abundantly watered with warm water and covered with lutrasil, spunbond or other nonwoven material. Covering with polyethylene is not recommended - this may lead to the development of mold and microorganisms.
- When the first shoots appear, the covering material is removed and the soil is once again carefully and gently loosened.
How to grow a rich yield of radish
Performities of planting and cultivating various varieties of root crops. Informative video on how to sow, water, feed and harvest radishes. We advise beginners and experienced gardeners to watch!
Despite harsh climatic conditions, various varieties of radish can be grown in Siberia, which will be an excellent vitamin supplement to the diet.