Esholzia is an aesthetically pleasing annual plant of the Poppy family. It is characterized by its low stem height and beautiful orange and red buds. Being an unpretentious inhabitant of the bed, the flower still requires some attention from the gardener. The rules of care for the plant are simple, and their implementation is possible even for a novice gardener.
Among gardeners is more common the second name of the flower - Californian poppy. It is undemanding and unpretentious, easily adapts to \"poor\" soils and endures aridity, but this is more inherent to adult plants. Cultivation of seedlings requires the gardener to follow a number of rules that will ensure the successful development of the young shoots.
- Time to plant
- When to plant escholtia according to the 2022 Lunar Calendar
- Preparing seed
- Preparing containers, Planting
- Spring care
- Video on sowing and growing Echscholzia
Echscholzia is not sown in the open ground because of the high risk of its death from temperature changes. A sprouting method is used that gives the fragile stems protection from pests and an accelerated growing season.
Exact planting dates depend on weather conditions and geographic location:
- Southern regions - March;
- Middle latitudes - April;
- Northern strip - May.
On the one hand, the hardy shoots should be planted after the end of frost, on the other hand 30-45 days after sowing. The exact date is determined by checking the climate forecast and combining all the data obtained.
Additional consideration should be given to the light period - the seedlings require a full 10-12 hours of light and if the dark time of day comes earlier, it is recommended to delay sowing to a later date.
When to plant escholtia according to the 2022 Lunar Calendar
Favorable days for planting:
|February||1, 20, 29||1, 20, 29|
|March||1, 5, 27, 28||1, 27, 28|
|April||2, 5, 28, 29||5|
|May||3, 12, 25, 26||3, 12|
|June||1, 2, 18, 26, 27, 29||3, 18, 26, 27, 30|
|April||6-10, 15-17, 21-24|
|May||6-8, 13, 14, 21-24|
|June||4-7, 9-11, 19-22|
Small Esholtia seeds do not exceed 2 mm in diameter.
They are harvested in the fall after the seed bolls mature:
- 30 days after flowering, cut off the fruit and place in cotton cloth;
- without opening the bolls, dry them completely indoors;
- clean the seeds from debris and transfer them to canvas bags;
- the planting material is stored in a refrigerator for 3 years.
Before planting the seeds, they are taken out of the cold room, left at room temperature for a couple of hours, then sunk for 15-20 minutes in weak manganese solution for disinfection, rinsed under running water and slightly dried on a paper towel.
Prepared seeds may be purchased in specialized stores. The variety, the color of the buds and the shape of the petals can be specifically chosen. Purchased Aescholzia is good as their seeds do not require many steps processing - you only need to soak the material for 4 hours in not cold water to \"wake up\" the flowers to growth.
Preparing containers, soil and planting
Pots of individual organic material: peat cups or degradable pills are good for flowers. The delicate root system eliminates the possibility of picking or transplanting, so the selected container should be completely decomposable in the soil. Presowing preparation is done depending on the basic material strictly according to the instructions.
Esholtia seedlings are planted in universal fertile soil consisting in equal parts of turf and humus.
Purchased substrate does not require any special measures, but the self-made soil should be decontaminated. For this purpose it must be left out in the frost for a long time (several months) or heated in the oven (40 minutes at 230°C).
Topper tablets do not require cleaning.
The step-by-step process of planting Esholtia for seedlings is as follows:
Bottles are treated and filled with the soil mixture, the peat plates are poured with water for a quarter of an hour.
- Form a hole in the center with a toothpick.
- In each hole, place one grain.
- Fill lightly with a thin layer of soil, not more than a centimeter.
- Moisten the plantings liberally with water from a sprayer.
- Pots are covered with foil on top.
- Take the pots to a dark and warm place (+18-25C).
The seeds germinate within a week.
Every day after sowing, lift the covering foil and remove any condensation that has formed.
Pouring until strong shoots emerge is not used and the soil is moistened by spraying. The procedure is done as the top soil layer dries out with warm, settled water - usually twice a day, in the morning and in the evening.
Retaining water on the young shoots and leaves should be avoided and excess water should always be removed from the pan and container walls to avoid water stagnation and development of putrefactive pathogens.
Feeding of the seedlings is only done when necessary and with a maximum suitable product.
The appearance of the shoots may indicate a lack of some element:
- general depressed appearance - lack of light - Nitrophoska;
- long germination - need growth stimulation - Epin;
- pale leaf color - lack of nitrogen - urea;
- dark purple hue of green - phosphorus deficiency - superphosphate;
- yellowness and dry edge - potassium deficiency - potassium sulfate.
Feed once a week by root watering or leaf spraying.
Esholtia sowing and growing video
How to sow and grow esholtia properly. Join to watch!
Despite some weaknesses, Esholtia is simple and easy to grow. If all of the above rules are followed, garden beds will be decorated with beautiful, vibrant California poppy buds that will delight the eye and beautify the cottage area until late fall.