Turnips: Planting And Care In The Open Field. Instructions For A Rich Harvest | Gardeners Info

Are you trying to plant a turnip? Strange as it may seem, but this native Russian product is now quite difficult to buy in Russia. And the prices are often much higher than for similar vegetables from the far abroad. And meanwhile, even with our unpredictable climate, but good care, it can easily give three harvests of root crops, as well as fresh vitamin greens for salads.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Seeding and planting

  1. Seeding and planting
  2. Site selection and soil substrate
  3. Care
  4. Cleaning
  5. Video on growing and caring for turnips in the open ground: Planting rules and patterns

Seeding and planting

Repa is unpretentious about temperature. They will even sprout at +2-3 °C, as long as the soil temperature does not fall below +4 °C. For a successful germination it is useful to activate the seeds by slightly soaking them in warm water (+40-50 °C) for about 5 minutes, wrapped in a cloth.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Depth of sowing depends on the variety, but normally sow in rows with a sowing pattern of 20x10-12 cm with 2-3 seeds per hole.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

To prepare furrows to 4 cm deep, filled halfway with sand, lightly covered with ashes and water or bioactive solution. It is advisable to cover the seeds with sand with humus, compost, or just forest soil, then water again.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Sown seedbeds are covered with any covering material, and if the sowing time is chosen before May 1-5, it is recommended to cover them with polyethylene film or sow in a greenhouse. Usually spring turnips are planted 3 weeks before the expected last frost, and in the fall a couple of months before the first winter frost.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Seeds usually sprout in 3 days, after which the covering material is removed.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Site selection and soil substrate

The turnip needs a well-lit place to be in the sun at least 6 hours a day. The soil should be loose, slightly acidic (optimum pH = 6.5) heavy clay and loamy soil is contraindicated. Excessive acidity is eliminated by the addition of wood ash.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Predecessor plants are of great importance. The best ones are legumes, potatoes, pumpkins, cucumbers, zucchini or strawberries. Planting turnips after any cruciferous plants, including mustard, often used as a sideratum, is strongly discouraged - its productivity will be minimal in such an area.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Before planting, the bed should be loosened to a depth of 0.3-0.4 m, with the soil preferably enriched with humus or compost at the rate of 1 bucket per m 2.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Care

Repa does not like crowding, so when the seedlings grow to 4-5 leaves, they should be thinned, leaving the healthiest and most developed ones. The root crop needs at least 7 cm of space on each side in well loosened soil so that it can develop without hindrance.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

But if turnips are also grown for greens, no thinning is necessary - the discarded seedlings can be pulled out as they are used. Turnips will yield somewhat smaller, but you will be provided with salad greens for the entire period of its vegetation. You can pluck leaves from young plants for lettuce, but if you want to get root vegetables from them, it is advisable to limit it to two or three leaves per season.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

As a rule, along with weeding, you combine loosening, necessary for normal aeration. During the first weeding, some growers recommend sprinkling ash or mustard powder on the beds to deter cruciferous fleas.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

The seedlings need quite a lot of water at first - up to 5-6 l/m2with a watering regime of 1-2 times per week. When the root crops begin to form, the watering rate is reduced to 3-4 l/m2. But always keep the soil moist, because the turnip itself gets a bitter taste from the lack of moisture.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Although turnips are not particularly demanding of various fertilizers, nevertheless, it is advisable to feed them a couple of times during the vegetation period. As a phosphorus-potassium fertilizer wood ash is not bad - it is advisable to apply it every time the soil is loosened. Mulching with straw mulch will suppress weeds and reduce moisture loss.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Nitrogen fertilizers have a beneficial effect on the development of the haulm, but not the root crop. Therefore, for turnips, it is better to choose a fertilizer with a high phosphorus and potassium content, but not nitrogen. Selite, urea, poultry litter, and manure should not be used.

Four to six weeks after germination, it is advisable to spray a universal microfertilizer containing boron. Boric acid (Borax) is a good substitute. The dosage for foliar feeding is 250-400 mg/m2, if it is applied before planting, the dosage should be increased by 2-3 times. This microfertilizer increases sugar content and vitamin content and makes the plant more resistant to rotting during storage.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Harvesting

The growing season for early turnip varieties is 5 weeks, for later ones 10 weeks. Leafy varieties begin to use after the appearance of 4-5 leaves. As long as the size of the root crop is not larger than an orange, they are very juicy and tasty, so they are mostly used for salads in the spring. The size of the tuber is clearly visible if you remove some soil from the top.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Harvesting is very important, since delaying it can cause coarsening of rootstock tissues and a sharp decrease in taste, and too early harvesting results in a noticeable decrease in yield. When harvesting turnips, immediately cut off the leaves at the base and then dry the harvest in the shade outdoors. If dried with foliage, some of the vitamins and nutrients will be lost and the tuber itself may become dull and flabby.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

The latest harvest, the second or third, is usually harvested for the winter. But it should not be allowed to freeze in the soil or in bunches. It is better to store turnips in a ventilated cellar at a temperature close to zero, with a small quantity a refrigerator will do.

Turnips: planting and care in the open field. Instructions for a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Video about growing and caring for turnips in the open field: rules and planting patterns

How to plant and grow turnips in the open field. Proper planting schemes, peculiarities of care for the culture. Присоединяйтесь к просмотру!

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