Trichodermin is a modern drug designed to protect plants against a variety of lesions.
- The composition and principle of Trichodermin
- For which diseases is used
- Instruction for use
- How to dilute
- How to apply
- Benefits and disadvantages of the drug
- How and when to use Trichodermin for different crops
- For vegetables: tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, cabbage, eggplant, zucchini
- For roses, orchids and other flowers
- For strawberries and other berry
- For grapes
- For other crops
- Analogues of the drug: What to replace Trichodermin
- Manufacturing Trichodermin with your own hands - video
The composition and action of Trichodermin
The action of Trichodermin is based on the ability of some microorganisms to inhibit the growth and reproduction of phytopathogens. The active ingredient is the culture (mycelium and spores) of ascomycete fungi Trichoderma green (Latin - Trichodérma víride).
The mechanism of action of Trichodermine is due to the ability to suppress the development of plant-harmful microorganisms, mainly fungi. Such properties are based on direct parasitization. It is caused by the competition among various microorganisms for nutritive substrate.
While living, Trichoderm produces antibiotics such as:
These are the ones that inhibit the growth of phytopathogens and disrupt their ability to reproduce.
In addition, trichodermin has a positive effect on soil composition. The living fungal substance uses organic compounds for nutrition. As a result, the soil is enriched with minerals that are well assimilated by the plants. Also trichodermin is able to reduce the harmful effects of chemicals, including salts of heavy metals.
The product consists of a culture of fungus and a nutrient substrate. The drug is available in two forms:
For what diseases is it used
Trichodermin effectively helps fight more than 60 pathogens. It is effective against the following diseases:
- with pythiosis;
- with blackleg;
- with scab;
- with powdery mildew;
- with false powdery mildew;
- with anthracnose;
- with white rot;
- with ascochytosis;
- with fomosis;
- with verticillosis;
- with phytophthorosis;
- with rhizoctoniosis;
- with sclerotiniosis;
- with alternariosis.
Инструкция directions for use
How to use Trichodermin like any crop protection agent is to be used according to the instructions.
When to use
Trichodermin is used in the following cases:
- to control plant diseases;
- to improve soil composition;
- for seed dressing;
- to improve crop immune protection.
How to dilute
To prepare the mother liquor from the dry product form, take:
- water 1 liter;
- powder 10 g.
Prepare the solution:
- Heat water to +30-+32 degrees.
- Pour the powder. Stir.
- Place in a dark place for 2 hours.
- Use the obtained solution for 6 hours.
If a liquid form of the preparation is purchased, here 1 ml of the remedy equals 1 g of dry powder. Consequently, 10 ml of liquid Trichodermin is taken per 1 liter of water, diluted and insisted for 1 hour. For a more concentrated solution, 20 ml of the liquid agent is diluted in 1 liter of water. For plant spraying prepare a working solution of 80 ml of liquid trichodermine and 10 liters of water.
For seedlings and seedlings adaptation 5 g of dry powder, mix with a cup of soil, pour 1 liter of water, infuse the mixture for 1 hour.
How to use
Wet solution of Trichodermine is used for watering cultivated plants under the root. The working solution is used to treat plants with a sprayer.
A concentrated version of the solution is used for seed and other planting material dressing. Seeds, tubers or bulbs are soaked in it for 5 minutes.
Roots of seedlings are dipped into a mixture of soil, water and trichodermin before planting in the ground. You can simply pour 100-150 ml of this mixture into each hole before planting.
For decontaminating the soil and preparing it to planting plants 30 g of dry trichodermin powder per square meter. It can also be used to prepare an organic fertilizer. To do this, 6 liters of liquid drug is poured into 100 liters of water, stirring. The mixture is poured into a composter or compost pit, filled with organic residues. The compost matures for about 60 days, after which it is ready for application to the soil. For this purpose, at the end of summer or in autumn, 8 kg of compost mass is diluted in 400 litres of water and added to the soil 2 weeks before ploughing. The application rate is 5 liters per 1 sq. m.
Benefits and disadvantages of the product
Like every drug, Trichodermin has positive and negativeproperties as shown in the table below, which are shown in table
|1||Environmental safety||Considerably longer than chemical preparations,|
|2||It does not accumulate in the green parts of plants||It does not always fight neglected forms of diseases,|
|3||Does not accumulate in tubers, bulbs, fruits and berries||Badly compatible with alkaline environment|
|4||Gives fairly long lasting effect, up to 1 month|
|5||Compatible with many drugs|
|Comprehensive action both therapeutic and preventive|
|7||Extends shelf life of vegetable, fruit, grain products|
|8||Easy packaging and reasonable price|
|9||Works on virtually all soil types with pH of 5 to 7|
How and when to use Trichodermin for different crops
The use of Trichodermin requires specific methods and doses in treating different plants.
For vegetables: tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, cabbage, eggplants, courgettes
Trichodermin can be used in the following applications:
- Seed treatment. For that purpose they are soaked for 5 minutes in a solution of 20 g of the preparation and 1 L of water.
- Spraying of seedlings. It is carried out at the stage of two true leaves. A solution of 10 g of the product and 1 liter of water is used.
- Disease prevention. Vegetable crops are watered with a solution of 100 grams of Trichodermin and 10 liters of water. Consumption per plant is 100-200 ml. Repeated watering is carried out after 2 weeks. Spraying with the working solution up to 4-5 times a week. Consumption - 10 liters per 100 sq.m.
- Prophylactic spraying. Frequency is 1 time in 3 weeks. Consumption - 10 L per 100 sq.m.
It is important to remember that all outdoor treatments of vegetables with Trichodermin should be conducted at temperatures not lower than +18 C, on cloudy weather or after sunset.
For roses, orchids and other flowers
Many orchid lovers use Trichodermin not only as a treatment and preventative, but also to improve the nutrition of these beautiful plants. It is especially popular with fans of orchids growing not in the ground, but in a special substrate, such as phalaenopsis.
In this case, 10 g of dry powder is diluted in 0.5 L of water. The resulting solution is brought to a volume of 5 liters and the containers with orchids are completely filled with it. After that, put the pots in the tray so that the solution remained at a level of 1 cm. Drain the solution after a day. Treatments are carried out once every 2-3 months.
With the fact that potted plants live for quite a long time in the same container and in the same soil, application of trichodermine helps protect them from many fungal lesions and improve soil quality.
This can be done by spilling the plants with a uterine solution of 50-100 ml per pot. When transplanting, the roots of houseplants can be dipped in a putty of soil, trichodermine and water or their roots can be powdered with dry powder. Also done if plants show signs of root rot.
Trichodermin is used in indoor floriculture during vegetation. Spray all potted plants with the working solution. It can be done in any season and at any growth stage.
For strawberry and other berry crops
Treatment of strawberry and other berry crops helps not only protect them from phytopathogens but also stimulates growth, increases yield and enhances immunity.
Strawberry seedlings with open roots are soaked in the drug solution. For this purpose, a boltushka is prepared from a glass of soil, 5 g of the preparation, a glass of humus and 5 L of water. When the mixture has stood for 1 hour, the roots are dipped into it for 5 minutes. If the seedlings have closed roots, 100 m of the mixture is poured into the planting hole.
Strawberry, raspberry, currant and honeysuckle plants may be sprayed during the growing season or watered under the root. This can be done once in three weeks.
Application of Trichodermin on vineyards not only protects the plants but also promotes formation and ripening of the crop. Vineyards where the preparation was applied produce tasty fruits with high marketable appearance.
It is most convenient to treat plants with sprayers. The first time it is done in spring, at the stage of bud swelling, when air temperature is above +18 degrees Celsius in the daytime, and then it is repeated during the whole vegetation season once in 3 weeks till the end of July. A solution of 50 g of the product and 10 liters of water is used for this purpose. Trichodermine protects grapes against rot, mildew, oidium.
For other crops
To treat potato tubers before planting they may be soaked in Trichodermine solution. To disinfect 100 kg of seed potatoes 10 liters of water and 200 g of the preparation are needed.
Trichodermin can be used for:
- cereal crops such as rye, wheat, corn, barley;
- an industrial crop such as rape, soybeans, sunflower, sugar beet;
- fruit trees such as apple, pear, plum, cherry.
Trichodermin is a low toxic drug. Its hazard class for humans is 4. Its use does not endanger fish, animals, bees or other beneficial insects. However, the following precautions should be observed:
- do not store the drug or its solutions near drinking water or food;
- work with gloves and long-sleeved overalls;
- do not smoke or eat while manipulating the drug;
- After use wash hands and face with detergent and rinse mouth with clean water;
- Ingestion, immediately drink 1-2 liters of water, induce vomiting, use activated charcoal and seek medical advice.
- Rinse skin and mucosa with plenty of clean water if splashed.
The product should be stored away from pesticides and chemical pesticides. Packages of Trichodermin are placed in a dark, dry room where the temperature is 0-+10 degrees Celsius.
The shelf life is indicated on the package, but the liquid form should not be stored longer than 9 months, the dry form longer than three years.
Drug analogues: what to replace Trichodermin
Trichodermin can be replaced with its analogues:
- Gliocladin. The active ingredient is strains of the soil fungus Trichoderma. It is recommended for application to the soil or for crop irrigation when threatened by root rot, various forms of wilt.
- Viridin. A preparation based on the mycelium and spores of the fungus Trichoderma green. It is essentially the same as Trichodermin. Effective against most fungal lesions of underground and aboveground parts of cultivated plants.
- Phytosporin M. A bacterial contact fungicide based on the live culture of Bacillus subtilis strain 26 D. Used to protect and treat vegetable, vegetable, berry, ornamental, fruit, and flower crops against fungal lesions.
Многие садоводы, horticulturists and hobbyists of indoor floriculture speak positively about the properties of Trichodermin. They managed to improve soil condition and growth of cultivated plants even after adding the dry preparation to the soil.
Proponents of organic agriculture consider trichodermin an excellent remedy that accumulates neither in plants nor in soil and does not pollute the environment. Consumers speak of it as a powerful \"devourer\" of pathogens. They willingly use it as a fertilizer that increases the fertile and mechanical properties of soils.
But there are skeptics who consider the drug useless. They recommend to observe the regime of watering, not to overgrow the plants and, at the first alarming signs, to apply the old, grandmother's method of pouring soil with manganese solution; they also advise to soak seeds and other planting material in it.
Making Trichodermin with your own hands - video
The author of the video tells how to prepare a biological preparation Trichodermin at home. Steamed oat or pearl groats and some ready-made Trichodermin or Gliocladin are used for preparation. Присоединяйтесь к просмотру!