The popular tomato \"Ogorodnik\" was entered in the State Register in 1999. This variety is recommended for cultivation in different regions.
- Briefly about the essentials: Description of tomato \"Ogorodnik\"
- Benefits and disadvantages
- In which regions of Russia you can grow tomato \"Ogorodnik\"
- Podmoskovye and middle belt of Russia
- South regions of Russia
- Pumping tomato with seeds
- Seed preparation
- Sowing seedlings
- Hardening, Picking seedlings
- Sprouting tomatoes
- Sprout preparation
- Rules for planting outdoors
- Mulching and watering Watering
- Brush Formation and Needling
- Greenhouse cultivation
- Diseases and pests
- Reviews of the variety
- Videos review of the tomato variety Ogorodnik
Briefly about the essentials: A description of the tomato \"Ogorodnik\"
Basic characteristics of the variety:
- medium-ripening (ripe fruits can be removed after 107-118 days after sprouting);
- bushes are medium-foliage, medium-branched;
- stems reach 1.4-1.6 m in height;
- weakly fluted with a matt surface, medium-sized leaf plates are painted light green in color;
- flowers are simple;
- the first inflorescence forms above the 8-9 leaf plate and then they are repeated every 3 leaves;
- flat round with a smooth surface, the fruits take on a red hue as they mature.
Средний predicted yield for tomato \"Ogorodnik\" is 7, 4-9.5 kg/m2. It is important to follow the agronomic technique of growing this crop in order to obtain good fruit bearing.
Benefits and drawbacks
It is possible to evaluate more completely the possibilities of independent breeding of tomato \"Ogorodnik\" after comprehensive analysis of its qualities:
|High cold tolerance||Necessity to do stepgrassing|
|Big tomatoes with a great appearance. Their weight varies between 140- 350g||Timely bush formation|
|Good taste||Low seed size can make it difficult to harvest seed on its own|
|High fleshiness of sweet fruits with the number 4 nests and up||Mature tomatoes are recommended primarily for fresh consumption|
|Long fruit-bearing period||Possibility of phytophthora|
|Resistant to the development of tobacco mosaic virus and to most tomato-specific infections and pests|
|Fruits do not deform during transportation|
В каких регионах России можно выращивать томат \"Ogorodnik\"
Tomato \"Ogorodnik\" is appreciated for its ability to produce a good yield when grown in a variety of climatic conditions.
The sharply continental variable climate requires the use of seedlings. The tomato \"Ogorodnik\" is mostly planted in greenhouses.
The tomato variety \"Ogorodnik\" is suitable for Siberian conditions if the seedling technology is used. Usually arrange greenhouses, so that the seedlings quickly take root. The medium-maturing type of tomatoes can be transplanted to the ridges after the establishment of heat, providing for the installation of a temporary film structure over them.
Moscow and the Russian middle belt
If the goal of cultivating tomato \"Ogorodnik\" in areas of the Russian middle belt is to produce fruit mature on bushes, then the seedlings are moved to greenhouses in the first decade of May. A later harvest will be able to grow on open ridges. Seedlings in them should be planted in early June.
Southern regions of Russia
Seed method of medium-maturing tomato \"Ogorodnik\" is successfully cultivated in the south. Sowing activities are practiced in April. During this period, the soil contains enough moisture for the friendly formation of seedlings.
To obtain viable seedlings, start sowing activities in March-April. This allows the seedlings to reach the required 55-65 day age by the time they are planted permanently.
To ensure good germination, the seed material is calibrated by discarding small, dry, damaged, disease-affected specimens.
Seed that has been purchased at the market or harvested from your own garden must be decontaminated. Immerse the seeds for 25-35 minutes in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. After the procedure, they should be rinsed and dried.
In order to determine the fullness of the seeds, dissolve 1 tsp. of fine salt in a glass of slightly heated water. Pour the seeds into the liquid. After 3-5 minutes, all the specimens that appeared on the surface are carefully collected and discarded. Seeds remaining in the submerged state should be washed.
Rain the seeds in a stimulant for 10-12 hours to activate the following growth process.
Sowing for seedlings
Tomato seeds are small, so it is necessary to prepare a loose nutritious substrate for sowing, which is not difficult to buy at garden stores.
Yourself can combine vegetable and turf soil with grinded top peat and compost in equal proportions. Disinfect with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Fill low seedling containers with the soil mixture not to the top. Furrows are formed on the surface. Their depth is 15-25 mm. The width between the rows is 9-10 cm. Distribute the seeds, keeping a gap of about 4 cm. Cover them with dry substrate and then spray the surface with standing water.
When covered with transparent material, place the seedling containers in a well-lit place at +18 ... +20 °C. Be sure to ventilate the room greenhouse daily. If necessary, the soil is moistened. When sprouts appear, remove the cover.
If you need a small number of sprouts, it is advisable to sow tomato immediately in individual cups with 2-3 grains.
Hardening, sprouts picking
Sprouting from common boxes when 2-4 leaves are formed on them. Prepare small containers with fertile, breathable substrate.
For 1-2 hours, the seedlings are abundantly watered. This will allow the fragile seedlings to be removed without damage. When doing the picking, the stub is slightly pruned. The plants are then planted in local containers and watered.
Sown immediately in individual pots, it will not be necessary to dive. In this situation, when the plants are sufficiently strong, it will be necessary to leave one strong shoot, and the remaining sprouts are cut back.
At 8-12 days before the planned planting, the seedlings begin to be taken out onto the loggia or veranda. The hardening interval is gradually increased. This procedure ensures good adaptation after planting in a permanent place.
Planting in the ground
Pick a place with good light and protection from draughts for tomato \"Ogorodnik\". Avoid sites where any plants of the Solanaceae family were grown. Swampy lowlands are not suitable.
In the autumn period, clean the site of leaves, weed out with the roots. Well-digested manure or compost is used to increase fertility. Per 1 sq. m take 1-1.5 buckets of organic matter, which is additionally enriched with superphosphate (45-50 g). Ash (0.5 cup) can be added to the nutrient composition. Then the soil should be plowed or thoroughly recultivated.
Potting tomato seedlings
When moving hardened hays into the garden, be sure to focus on favorable weather conditions.
Preparing the seedlings
To make the grown seedlings more stable, it is advisable to spray them with a stimulant about a week before transplanting. For example, take 0.1 ml of Zircon, which is dissolved in 1 liter of settled water.
The day before planting (1.5-2.5 hours), all containers with seedlings are thoroughly watered. This helps to remove the plants while keeping the soil in the clump and to avoid damaging the stems. Peat cups allow you to do without this operation, as they are placed directly in the soil.
Rules for planting in the open ground
The surface is loosened with a rake and holes are made. The width of the row spacing for tomato \"Ogorodnik\" is 0,55-06 m. Between the wells are indented on 0,45-0,5 m.
In each planting hole put ash mixed with humus (2 tbsp). To strengthen the immunity of plants, you can pour 1 tbsp. of powdered dried eggshells. A tablet of Gliocladin will ensure the prevention of fungal diseases.
Although the tomato variety \"Ogorodnik\" is unpretentious and cold hardy, quality fruit bearing will require basic farming techniques when organizing care.
Mulching and watering
After one week, the planted tomatoes begin to be watered using water that has settled in the sunlight. Liquid should be poured under the plants, protecting the leaves from excessive wetting. In dry summer weather, practice watering every 5-7 days.
It is important that the soil under the tomato bushes remain loose. To this end, lay a layer of mulch, using leaves, dried grass, and chopped straw. Mulching material additionally helps to slow down weed development and retain moisture in the soil longer.
Bush formation and grafting
Determinal tomatoes develop well without shaping. But considering that the bushes of tomato \"Ogorodnik\" can reach a height of more than a meter, they are formed in 2-3 stems to stimulate the fruiting.
After this procedure, regularly remove the emerging stems and trim the lower leaf plates.
The transplanted tomatoes require nitrogen at first to help build leaf mass and strengthen stems. After 2 weeks, liquid urea is applied under the young plants (1 tbsp./10 l of water). The average consumption is 200 ml per plant.
About half a month later it is advisable to feed the plants with \"Nitrophoska\" (45-50 g of complex fertilizer per 10-liter container of water). Norm - 0.5 L / plant.
Two weeks later, apply potassium sulfate combined with superphosphate (will require 25 g of each variety). Dilute in 10 liters of liquid. The optimum consumption is 1 liter per plant.
The medium-season variety \"Ogorodnik\" during the active fruiting will benefit from ashes (900-950 g), which are poured into the boiling water (10 liters). When stirring, boric crystal acid (10 g) is added. One day later, the infusion is filtered. Irrigation of the above-ground part is performed by diluting concentrate (1:10) with standing water.
Выращивание of the variety \"Ogorodnik\" in the greenhouse
To cultivate tomatoes of medium maturity, which includes the variety \"Ogorodnik\", it is possible to obtain quality ripe fruit if the seedlings are placed in the greenhouse at the beginning of May. Under such conditions, it is important to observe several rules:
- In autumn, at the stage of preparatory activities, spray exterior and interior surfaces, as well as all structures, tools and soil with a disinfectant composition. A pink solution of potassium permanganate, Bordeaux (1%) liquid is used.
- Since mid-maturing tomatoes may be affected by Phytophthora when ambient humidity is high enough, regular ventilation of the greenhouse must be provided.
- To prevent the stems from being damaged by the weight of the heavy fruit, sturdy, secure trellises should be installed so that the developing shoots can be fixed as they develop.
- Water should be poured directly onto the soil to avoid excessive wetting of the leaf plates. You can install your own drip irrigation system.
- Every 3-4 years in the fall remove the surface soil layer, which accumulates pathogens. It is replaced with decontaminated fertile soil.
Diseases and pests
Tomato \"Ogorodnik\" is appreciated for its high resistance to the appearance of characteristic diseases. The main danger is the possibility of development of phytophthora.
For prevention, 3-4 times spraying of tomato bushes with effective preparations is used. It can be \"Ridomil Gold\", \"Abiga-peak\" (to dilute these means take 50 g per 10 liters). Effectively fights infection with \"Revus\" (12 ml per 10 liters), \"Consento\" (take 40 ml per 10 liters), \"Ordan\" (50 g per 10 liters). Acrobat MC in the same proportion may be used.
Хорошо Resists damage to the tomato \"Ogorodnik\", by pests. But sometimes thrips, whitefly, spider mite can appear on the bushes, so it is worth timely preventive and curative measures:
- Between the rows plant garlic, velvets. The scent of these plants repels many harmful insects. A solution of crushed garlic cloves (400 g) is prepared for spraying. They are poured into 10 liters of water. After 5-6 hours the infusion is strained and tomato bushes are sprayed.
- When spider mites, whiteflies, thrips appear you may successfully apply Karbofos by dissolving 25-30 g of the preparation in a 5-liter container. Bushes can be sprayed with this composition before flowering.
- Fitoverm\" is used as a prophylactic against different types of insects. (For a 10-liter container with water 10 ml of the preparation will be required). The average consumption is 100 ml/1 sq. m. It is advisable to perform three sprays during the growing season. The minimum interval between treatments is 7 days.
Отзывы about the variety
Tomato 'Ogorodnik' is rated by people Growers of this variety are attracted by the excellent taste of large, juicy, sweet fruits. Gardeners appreciate the good transportability with preservation of the marketable appearance, as well as the long storage of the harvested crop. The simple growing technique is also noted.
Disadvantages are practically unrecognized. Sometimes there are negative reviews related to the possibility of phytophthora, if prolonged rainy weather occurs at the stage of fruiting.
Gardeners who grow tomato \"Ogorodnik\" include it in the list of the most productive and promising varieties. Usually it is possible to get a stable high yield of quality fruits with proper cultivation under the film.
Video review of the tomato variety Ogorodnik
Brief description and features of the variety, advantages of the tomato variety Ogorodnik. Recommended viewing!