Tomato Gina is a crop with high yields, disease resistance and unpretentiousness. Therefore, it is actively grown in agriculture or on individual garden plots. This is a Dutch variety used all over the world. It has gained popularity due to the possibility to grow a repeated crop from the received seeds, which do not differ in properties from the previous tomatoes.
- Briefly about the essentials: Description of tomato Gina
- Benefits and disadvantages
- In which regions of Russia you can grow tomato Gina
- Moscow and the Russian middle belt
- Southern regions of Russia
- Posting tomato with seeds
- Sowing for seedlings
- Sprouting tomatoes
- Preparing tomato seedlings
- Rules for planting in the open field
- Brush Formation and Stemming
- Diseases and Pests
- Summary of the variety
- Videos review of the tomato variety Gina
Briefly about the essentials: A description of the Gina tomato
Gina tomatoes differ from other varieties in basic characteristics:
- determinant plant up to 60 cm high outdoors, 80 cm in the greenhouse;
- 3 strong stems that can bear large fruits;
- a medium number of leaf plates that have a soft, mahre structure, dark green color;
- after 9 leaves a brush that bears fruit, then ovaries appear after 1-2 leaves;
- fruits 4-5 per cluster;
- Fruits average 250g but sometimes 300g in large sizes;
- tomatoes are bright red, with a firm skin, fleshy texture and very succulent;
- from planting to fruit appearance, it takes 110-120 days.
Gardeners should understand that Gina is not a hybrid. It is a varietal species, so it is possible to self-pick seeds to sow the following year. The yield and taste will be maintained.
The variety has a high yield:
- each bush yields up to 3 kg of fruit;
- you can remove up to 10 kg of tomatoes from 1 square meter.
Yields better in the greenhouse due to increased heat and moisture.
Benefits and disadvantages
The table shows the positive and negative aspects of Gina tomato.
|Slow ripening||Bush fading during drastic temperature changes|
|Dense skin, which makes it possible to transport tomatoes||High vegetative growth causing stems to lie on the floor and break|
|Universal use - for eating, making sauces, juice, tomato paste, canned food|
|Growing in the open field and greenhouse|
|Resistant to most fungal and bacterial diseases|
|Ability to most climatic zones in Russia|
|Lack of need for stepgrassing|
|Ability of independent seed collection|
The table shows that the variety has virtually no drawbacks.
In which regions of Russia it is possible to grow the tomato Gina
The variety Gina is hardy, so it is suitable for growing throughout Russia. But for different regions, there are certain rules of cultivation, with which an acceptable yield can be obtained.
In this region, tomatoes of the variety Gina can be grown in the open ground, but periodically fertilizers are required. The soil in these areas is less chernozemic than in other regions. The quality of the harvest is maintained at 7-10 kg per square meter.
Cultivation of Gina tomatoes is also possible in this region. However, do planting in greenhouses, the yield will be better, up to 9-10 kg per 1 bush. This is especially true in areas where summers are cool or cold.
Moscow and the Russian middle belt
In this area, tomatoes are planted by cottagers and large private farms. The yield here is large and pests are rare. Therefore, the variety Gina is grown everywhere in the open field or in greenhouses.
Southern regions of Russia
In the southern regions, the soil is fertile and black earth, so it requires almost no fertilizers. Bushes grow quickly, you can get a harvest in 110 days after planting seedlings. Fruits are large, not less than 200 g. They are juicy, bright red. Since there is a lot of sun, it is not recommended to grow the variety in the greenhouse. In them, it can burn the leaves.
When sown by seed, Gina retains the properties with each new planting. The external and internal characteristics and taste characteristics of tomatoes do not change. If the gardener has chosen to grow bushes by seed, they need to be preparedin stages:
- prepare a slightly pink solution of manganese (potassium permanganate);
- put the seeds in it, soaking for 15 minutes;
- seeds are washed;
- put them in filtered water, adding a small amount of Epin or Rootin to stimulate root formation;
- remove from the water, laying on a towel.
It is not necessary to dry the seeds vigorously. If they become dry, they may not sprout.
Prepare glass or plastic containers with lids beforehand. If no lids are available, polyethylene film is used. A nutrient mixture consisting of peat and sand is placed in one container. Then proceed in stages:
- seeds are placed on the ground, covering with a small layer of soil 1 mm thick;
- a distance of at least 3 cm should be left between each seed;
- covered with a cover or film, in which small holes (this will prevent the reproduction of fungi in excessive moisture);
- in the formed mini-tepee a temperature of 22-24 degrees;
- tanks under diffused sunlight;
- spray the soil periodically with a sprayer;
- aerate the greenhouse for 1 hour daily.
The seedlings should exist in these conditions until sprouts with at least 2 leaves have formed.
Hardening, seedling picking
When the seedlings form, the initial hardening is done. The cover or polyethylene film should be removed daily. At first, the time of the procedure should be 30 minutes, the next day it is increased to 1 hour. The duration of hardening gradually increases until it reaches a full day.
At this stage, the seedlings become crowded in a common container. Therefore, it is necessary to perform picking. This procedure is designed to separate the seedlings into individual pots. As the roots of young plants are thin and delicate, it is not recommended to separate them from the soil. Pickingis carried out in stages:
- with a small spatula, separate the seedling together with the surrounding soil, taking it out whole;
- transplant into an individual container where peat and sand have been previously added;
- continue daily hardening.
When the weather is warm, further hardening can be done. The seedlings are taken outside, gradually increasing the time interval. If it is cold outside, it is better to keep it indoors.
When the seedlings are strong, they should be transplanted into the open ground or greenhouse. It is done according to the following rules:
- Soil is lightly watered in order to soften it;
- pick up the sprouts with a root ball in order not to damage the root system;
- place in the ground vertically, slightly covering it with earth;
- the earth must not be tamped, it must let air and moisture through, therefore it is periodically loosened.
For the nutrient soil and ground to bond, watering must be done. The tomato planting is not watered for the next 2-3 days. Then the standard care measures are carried out as for the adult plants.
Planting tomatoes with seedlings
Many gardeners prefer not to plant tomatoes with seeds, they are discouraged by the length and complexity of the process. Not all of them may take off due to improper quality or improper care. But by planting seedlings, you can almost guarantee a large crop of Gina tomatoes.
For seedlings to grow successfully and develop properly, do not use store soil, but mix it with your own hand. To make a fertile soil mixture it is necessary to take:
- 2 parts peat;
- 1 part humus;
- a small amount of sand.
To make the seedlings grow more active, you can add some fertilizer. Ashes, urea, and superphosphate help. It is added in a small amount so as not to burn the roots. In a prepared container with nutritious soil, seedlings are installed, slightly covering with soil. It should remain loose, allowing air and water to pass. The seedlings are placed under diffused sunlight, periodically spraying the soil with water from a sprayer. Gina seedlings do not require greenhouse conditions.
Rules for planting in the open ground
The seedlings are allowed to be planted in the open ground if they have reached the following characteristics:
- height from the root necks should be at least 25 cm;
- at least 6 true leaves should grow on the stem;
- the first buds appear.
If there are many seedlings, you can discard the bushes that are defective. Next, transplant according to rules:
- check the acidity of the soil, if it is below 6, add dolomite flour, a natural acidifier;
- a few days later, add 1 tablespoon of ash or a mixture of humus and superphosphate in each hole (the soil and the substrate applied are mixed to avoid creating a high concentration);
- decontaminate soil from fungus and bacteria with Trichocin, add 1 tablet to each hole;
- water the seedling, take it out of the pot with the root ball;
- placing it into the prepared hole, slightly lowering it, tilting it sideways;
- add small amount of soil, slightly compact it, keeping it loose.
To achieve high yields, tomatoes are planted in a different location each year. For example, they will do well in a plot where legumes or cabbage were previously grown.
After planting the variety in the open ground, quality care is required, otherwise Gina tomatoes will be too small or may not grow at all. Mulching, shaping and nutrition are recommended.
an important procedure for keeping moisture in the soil. Also, mulching practically prevents weeds from growing around the tomatoes, so the soil will be saturated with nutrients. As mulch for the variety Gina it is enough to use ordinary hay. It is distributed around the bushes in an even layer.
Bush shaping and palming
The variety is considered unpretentious, it does not require bush shaping and palming during growth. Therefore, even an inexperienced gardener can grow it.
The plant likes organic and mineral fertilizers, applied according to the rules.
- Ammonium nitrate. 15 g of the substance is added to 10 liters of water. Apply 1 liter of the product in each hole. Fertilizing is carried out two weeks after planting in the open ground. 1 liter of manure is added to 10 liters of water. The resulting liquid infused for 10 days. Then another 10 liters of water is added. Under each bush 1 liter of fertilizer is applied.
- Complex mineral fertilizer. Products containing potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen are used. Fertilizer is added to the soil 3 weeks after planting.
Open soil fertilizer should always be applied, even if it is nutritious and contains many beneficial substances. The crop will last even in poor soil, but the fruit may be small.
Diseases and Pests
There are different kinds of diseases and pests, for each of which there is a separate treatment.
- Aphids. An insect that feeds on plant sap. Often infects bushes with fungus or virus. Ascoril, Iskra are used for treatment. They are spread on the stems and leaves for at least 4-5 days in a row.
- Colorado beetle. The parasite eats the foliage. Strong decoction of marigold, nasturtium is used for spraying. They are sprayed for 10-14 days. Manual collection of bugs helps.
- Bears. Damages the root system, devouring it. An insecticide, such as Aktilek, is used to water the soil under the tomato.
- Fungal infection, causing a white coating on the leaves and root rot. Requires fungicide treatment once daily for 7 days. Phytosporin helps.
The variety is mostly disease free due to due to improper care. It is more susceptible to pests. However, they also attack the plant very rarely.
Gardeners and homeowners love the fact that the Gina variety can grow even in relatively unfavorable conditions. It does not require special care. They tell us that the yields will always be high, even if you grow seedlings from seed.
Video review of the tomato variety Gina
The author talks about the advantages of the variety and the features of its cultivation. The video shows how Gina tomatoes look and describes their taste. We recommend watching the video!
Gina tomatoes are one of the best high-yielding varieties. It is enough to plant seedlings or seeds correctly to get strong, healthy, fast-growing bushes. It is a tomato that can be harvested in a short time.