Planting Garlic In The Fall Of 2022: When And How To Plant It | Gardeners Info

Garlic has long been appreciated not only for its strong aroma and tangy taste, but also for its many health benefits. Its healing power lies in its antibacterial and antiviral effect and it improves the body's resistance to many diseases.

Cucumber is not capricious in growing, so even beginners gardeners can get good harvests. In this article, we will talk about how to plant garlic in autumn and how to take care of it in order to get a quality and rich harvest.

Content

  1. Characteristics and description of the plant
  2. Where to plant garlic - site selection
  3. What varieties of garlic to plant in autumn?
  4. When to plant garlic
  5. When to plant garlic in autumn 2021 according to the lunar calendar
  6. How to plant the crop correctly
  7. Preparing the soil
  8. Technology for planting
  9. Special features
  10. Protection against diseases
  11. Fertilization
  12. Features of winter garlic
  13. Benefits - why plant garlic in your plot?
  14. The subtleties of planting garlic in autumn - video

Characteristics and description of the plant

Carrot is a perennial plant belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family, subfamily Allioideae. However, a number of traits distinguish it from other onion species. It has a complex bulb, consisting of a strongly shortened flattened stem (base) with several (2 to 50) dormice (lateral buds) attached to it. Generally called cogs or cloves, their weight varies from 3 to 10 grams. Garlic propagates vegetatively.

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Seeds are very rarely produced. Instead, up to 1.2 m high, inflammatory bulbs form on flower stems (arrows). Garlic propagates these bulbs along with underground bulbs. From these, one-toothed bulbs are grown - healthful seeds that retain the breeding potential of the variety.

The bulb growth process is quite interesting:

  • The leaves overlap to form a tubercle.
  • Then growth cones form on them, which eventually turn into cogs.
  • The cog is nothing more than overlapping leaves, the outermost of which form a husk.

The leaves of garlic are long, pointed toward the end, drooping or erect, but, unlike those of onions, incomplete. They can range in length from 30 to 100 cm. Each successive leaf sprouts from within the previous one, forming a false stem that is more robust than that of onions.

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

The root system of garlic is taproot-like, low-powered, a circumstance that makes the crop demanding of fertile soil.

The garlic inflorescence is a simple ball-shaped umbrella that consists of sterile flowers and airy bulbots. Before flowering, the inflorescence is wrapped in a dense covering with a characteristic long (up to 20 centimeters) pointed end.

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Carrot contains allicin and phytoncides (organic compounds of sulfide group), which accounts for its sharp taste and distinctive smell. Allicin is a powerful antioxidant that rid cells of free radicals.

It is interesting to note that garlic varies in taste intensity depending on the varieties chosen. A distinction is made between mild and spicy varieties. The first is  recommended to be eaten raw. Spicy garlic is best for meat dishes.

Where to plant garlic - site selection

Experienced gardeners point out that garlic should not be planted in the same place several years in a row - this promotes the accumulation of diseases. It can be returned to the same site only after 3-5 years. The best predecessors of culture are cereals (except for oats and barley), cucumbers, zucchini and patissons, vegetable nightshades (except potatoes and eggplants) - tomatoes, sweet peppers. Garlic also likes to grow next to strawberries. Do not plant in beds where onions, carrots, and beets used to grow.

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Before planting garlic, be sure to let the soil rest. An area is chosen for the crop that has stood without planting for at least a month. If there is no such place, sideratum plants are used to restore the composition of the soil.

Garlic is a light-loving crop, so the area to grow it should be unshaded and elevated. Garlic prefers loamy or sandy loam soils that are rich in organic matter and have good drainage.

In acidic (clay or medium clay) soils, lime should be applied at a rate of about 450-550 g/sq. m in addition to fertilizer.

You should also not plant winter garlic in areas where manure has been applied this year: the garlic will produce abundant leaves, loose heads and will be less resistant to fungal diseases.

What varieties of garlic to plant in fall?

The garlic varieties for fall planting are winter varieties. As they grow, they produce arrows (flower stems) and are frost-resistant. Winter garlic differs from spring garlic in having larger underground bulbs. On average, their diameter is 30-60 mm, less often 80 mm. Their weight varies from 50-80 to 150 g. Spring planting varieties have smaller bulbs, 30-40 mm in diameter, weighing 30-50 g, less often up to 100 g.

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Bulbs planted in autumn germinate in spring at a temperature of +1-3 degrees. This allows for an earlier harvest. Winter garlic is mostly consumed in summer and fall. It is suitable for preserves and as a seed. It does not store well in winter, although there are many ways to preserve it.

To get a rich harvest, it is necessary to choose carefully the winter garlic varieties that can be grown in the conditions of a particular region. Here are the most popular examples suitable for different climatic conditions:

  1. Antonnik;
  2. Komsomolets;
  3. Dubkovsky;
  4. Novosibirsky;
  5.  Jubilee Gribovsky;
  6. Зубренок
  • Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
    Зубренок
  • Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
  • Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
    Дубковский
  • Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
  • Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
    Новосибирский
  • Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
    Грибовский Jubilee

When to plant garlic

Winter garlic should be planted in the ground 35 to 45 days before frost arrives. During this time, it has time to develop a viable root system while the ground is still frozen. However, green shoots will not appear.

The best time for planting garlic for winter in the middle belt of Russia is from September 20 to mid-October. In the southern regions, the culture is traditionally planted in November, and under favorable conditions - even in December. To calculate a more precise time, it is necessary to study the weather forecast for the month ahead.

When to plant garlic in the fall of 2021 according to the lunar calendar

Favorabledays to plant winter garlic according to the lunar calendar:

  • 1-3, 12-14, 22-25, 29-30 September;
  • 8-13, 18-19, 21-22, 26-27 October;
  • 4, 6-9, 15-18, 22-24 November;
  • 1-3, 5-6, 12-16, 20-21 December.

Unfavorabledays:

  • 7, 17-18, 21 September;
  • 6, 14-15, 20 October;
  • 5, 10-11, 19 November;
  • 4, 7-9, 19 December.
Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

How to properly plant the crop

Preparing the soil

Pre-planting the soil should be loosened and mulched with litter of non-woven material, grass or compost. The mulch protects the plants from weeds, excessive moisture evaporation and frost. The garlic plot should have the following characteristics:

  • suitable soil - fertile, moisture- and air-permeable;
  • recommended pH- 6.8. Soil with a higher pH should be acidified with quicklime;
  • before planting, the soil should be well watered;
  • the place for planting should not be near cabbage, radish or beans;
  • the best \"neighbors\" for garlic are lettuce and tomatoes.

Technology for planting

Bulbs undamaged by diseases and pests are suitable for planting. Then they are crushed and calibrated by selecting large and medium sized bulbs. The material prepared for sowing should not be stored for a long time. In this form it gradually loses its properties, moisture and ability to germinate, resulting in the loss of some seeds.

The cogs are planted in specially prepared soil heel down, upright.

  • In fall it should be planted 6-8 cm deep.
  • The distance between seedlings should be 6 to 10 cm. The exact distance depends on the size of the cloves.
Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Worth knowing that you can use air bulbs for planting garlic. This method is considered more economical - it allows you to get a larger yield with less planting. They are also less susceptible to pest attack. Planting cloves or bulbs are the only ways to propagate garlic. The plant propagates only vegetatively.

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info
Winter garlic bulbs

Precautions for growing winter garlic

Protection against diseases

Carrot is undemanding to growing conditions, but the bulbs and leaves of the plant can be affected by various viral and fungal diseases and are subject to pest attacks. For this reason, the crop should be carefully monitored during care.

In order to prevent fungal diseases in garlic, it is recommended to water the soil with some kind of fungicide such as a biosimilar Fitosporin-M or a solution of copper sulfate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).

Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Fertilizing

One of the main ways to care for growing garlic cloves is to fertilize them. When growing winter garlic, the soil is fertilized before planting, that is, in the fall. Organics enriched with nutrients are recommended for this purpose. The plant is usually fertilized with manure or phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.

It is possible to fertilize the garlic planting place with the following components:

  • Sprout, or even better compost (well decomposed), 1 bucket per square meter.
  • Wood ash, 200 grams (glass) per sq.m.
  • Superphosphate, 20 g per sq.m.
  • Kalium sulfate, 20 g per sq.m. By the way, it is recommended to use this particular potassium fertilizer because it also contains sulfur and garlic is very sensitive to sulfur deficiency.
Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

Growth characteristics of winter garlic

Carrot is resistant to winter frosts, provided it successfully roots. Before wintering, the root system should be well formed and consist of 12-18 roots 10-12 cm long. The vegetation takes place at +3-5 degrees, but sometimes the plant can develop even at lower values (0 to -10 degrees).

Beneficial properties - why plant garlic in your plot?

The benefits of garlic are hard to overestimate:

  1. The fragrant vegetable has excellent immune-strengthening properties. Eating an onion can help fight infections.
  2. If eaten regularly, it improves digestion.
  3. Garlic has rejuvenating properties.
  4. It also lowers blood pressure, helps in fighting parasites and is characterized by anti-tumor action.
Planting garlic in the fall of 2022: when and how to plant it | Gardeners Info

The subtleties of planting garlic in autumn - video

The author of the video tells how to prepare the soil for planting winter garlic and what fertilizers should be made. Watching the video, you will learn the terms of autumn planting of garlic, how to select the seed material correctly. The video demonstrates the planting scheme, the device for planting and many other things you need to know about the autumn planting of garlic!

The planting of aerial bulbs or garlic cloves on a bed is not a difficult process, and growing the crop does not require much experience. The main thing is to prepare the soil properly and provide proper care.

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