Planting And Growing Sweet Peppers: All The Secrets Of A Rich Harvest | Gardeners Info

Perry has now become a traditional vegetable crop for Russian dacha plots and vegetable gardens. This southerner has mastered not only the middle belt of Russia, but also the northern regions, seemingly unsuitable for growing this sun and heat lover.

At the same time, one must remember the fastidiousness of this crop, which will require proper care, ensuring optimal temperature and humidity parameters, regular watering and timely feeding. Knowing all the secrets of growing sweet peppers in homestead plots, you can get a great harvest at the dacha.

Culture

  1. Cultivation features
  2. Temperature
  3. Humidity
  4. Primary soil
  5. Primary fertilization
  6. Necessary light
  7. Successful cultivation technique
  8. Recommendations by experienced gardeners
  9. The best varieties for the middle belt of Russia
  10. Videos on growing sweet peppers from A to Z

Cultivation features

Sweet peppers are an annual crop, which is characterized by its yielding capacity; today, dozens of different varieties have been bred and are zoned even for northern regions. One of the peculiarities of its cultivation is slow growth rate at the beginning of vegetation period, and only on 50-60 days after the appearance of first sprouts sweet pepper begins to actively grow and bear good fruits.
According to the right conditions, up to a hundred flower stalks can be produced on one powerful plant during the vegetation period, but only 20% of them are fertilized.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Temperature

Peppers are a southern plant so they are extremely heat demanding. Seeds begin to germinate at temperatures above 13 degrees, and sprouts can appear after sowing even on day 25. But at temperatures above 25 degrees, the first seedlings emerge from the ground as early as a week and a half after planting.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

The optimal temperature for pepper growth and fruit-bearing is 22-25 degrees. Mature plants may bloom and form ovaries even at 15 degrees, but yields are greatly reduced in such a case, and the plants will soon die if it gets colder.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Gardeners should remember when growing bell peppers that such plants are extremely heat intolerant, so you will need to provide greenhouses and greenhouses with good ventilation. In dry air with temperatures above 35 degrees, the flowers and shoots will fall off.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Humidity

Like any other plant in the southern latitudes, bell peppers are extremely demanding of air and soil moisture levels. Under conditions of high temperature and dry soil, the development of this culture practically stops, plants are weakened, their oppression and rapid death is noted. The soil should be watered every 2-3 days, and a tub of water should be dug in the greenhouse to maintain optimal moisture levels.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Ground

Gain the best harvest by using fertile properly prepared soil only. In greenhouses, peppers should be planted in well-structured, humus-rich soil. Also plants do not tolerate increased acidity, so the soil should be lime-laden by adding organic fertilizers from autumn and mineral compositions with nitrogen, potassium and calcium just before planting.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Proper fertilization

A mandatory condition for excellent pepper yield is regular and proper fertilization. Gardeners often refuse to use mineral fertilizers, arguing that the use of chemistry will not allow them to grow an organic crop on the plot. However, if the dosages are observed, no deterioration in the quality of peppers is noted, and the maximum yield and excellent efficiency of the use of the area of beds is achieved.

Perry will need nitrogen fertilizers before fruiting to speed up vegetative processes and stimulate root growth. At harvest time, the plants will need phosphorus, without which the lower leaves quickly wither and die. Peppers will need magnesium, calcium and potassium throughout their growth and development.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Required Lighting

Sweet peppers are a light loving plant that will require a short 12 hour day of light for normal development. Shorter daylight hours have been found to have a positive effect on plant growth, improve flowering and accelerate fruit formation. When beds and greenhouses are placed in the shade of trees and outbuildings in the countryside, rapid yellowing of leaves, falling off of ovaries and buds are observed. Branches of plants in such conditions become brittle and fragile, yield indicators significantly deteriorate. It has been found that late-ripening varieties are more susceptible to light, but early-ripening hybrids can be successfully grown even in a certain darkening of beds and greenhouses.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Successful growing technique

A prerequisite for an excellent crop on the homestead is to use quality viable seedlings. Most gardeners grow seedlings on windowsills at home, using a ready-made nutritious soil mixture, which is prepared from 1 part coarse-grained sand, 3 parts of sod soil and a similar amount of humus. One cup of ash is added to a bucket of this soil.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Seeds for sowing should be used from the last year's harvest, which should first be soaked for 20 minutes in a 1% manganese solution, then washed with running water and dried in fresh air. Landing seedlings should be at the end of February, and the first shoots germinate in 2 weeks. The box with the seedlings is moved to a cool, well-lit place to prevent the seedlings from pulling out.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Уход за рассадой не представляет особой сложности, It is necessary to water the plants as the soil dries out, to pick them and to transplant them into larger containers. At the end of May we transfer already grown seedlings into the open ground, using the scheme of planting the tall varieties of 70 by 30 centimeters and compact - 60 by 30 centimeters. One tablespoon of nitrophoska should be added to each planting hole, after which the fertilizer used should be thoroughly mixed with the soil.

  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Опытные Gardeners recommend that beds be mulched, which prevents damage to the root system by return frosts, retains life-giving moisture in the soil, and almost completely solves weed issues. Peat, sawdust, and various other organics can be used for mulching beds. The layer of protective material is 5-8 centimeters. The mulch used should be renewed monthly.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Advice from experienced gardeners

When growing sweet peppers, it is mandatory to consider crop rotation, returning beds to the same place not earlier than after 4 years. Otherwise, it will be impossible to avoid the characteristic plant diseases and a significant deterioration in yield.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

It is not necessary to immediately plant a new pepper variety in the entire area of the beds. Thirty bushes will suffice to make sure that the cultivation technique is correct and that the new variety suits the specific type of soil.

The main difficulty in growing peppers is proper watering, the root system of this plant is at the very surface, so even the slightest drying of the soil leads to a rapid wilting of the plantings. Ideally, you should water every 2-3 days or organize a drip irrigation system on the garden plot. The latter are not as expensive today and are versatile in their use, allowing a 15-20% improvement in bed and greenhouse yields.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Low yields of bell peppers may be due to untimely harvesting of ripe fruit. This garden crop has remontant blooms, which means they continue uninterrupted until frost. The gardener will need to remove the ripe fruits in time, which prevents the plants from weakening by stimulating new flowering.

Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

The best varieties for the middle belt of Russia

One of the mandatory conditions for successful cultivation of sweet peppers in the garden is the right choice of variety. Hundreds of varieties and hybrids of this crop can be found in garden stores. It is noticed that large-fruited varieties are not so productive, also you should consider the fact that powerful plants quickly darken, and this leads to a significant fall of flowers. So preference should be given to medium-fruited varieties and hybrids with compact small bushes.

The best varieties for growing in greenhouses in the middle belt of Russia are such varieties as:

  • Druzhok;
  • Kupon;
  • Gift of Moldova;
  • Poltavsky;
  • Lastochka.
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info
  • Planting and growing sweet peppers: ALL the secrets of a rich harvest | Gardeners Info

Видео On growing sweet peppers from A to Z

A useful video on growing peppers from sowing seedlings to harvesting. Secrets and subtleties from an experienced gardener. Join in the viewing!

With proper soil preparation, timely planting of seedlings and subsequent care of the plants, you can have a great harvest on the homestead.

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