Few years ago, growing peaches in the middle belt was considered something exotic, and only experienced gardeners did it. At the moment, even amateurs can afford to have this thermophilic plant on their garden plot. It is only necessary to choose the right variety and follow the rules of care.
When choosing a variety, it should be frost-resistant, and bred by local breeders, as foreign seedlings poorly acclimatized in our conditions and can die in the first winter. It is also preferable to choose plants with early or medium maturity of fruits.
- The best peach varieties for the Moscow region
- Self-fruit varieties
- Kievsky early
- Hardy varieties
- Golden Moscow
- Best early varieties
- Fluffy early
- Fluffy Nikitinsky
- Pick a seedling
- Preparing the soil
- For controlling diseases and pests
- Video. review of peach varieties for the Moscow suburbs and midlands
The best peach varieties for the Moscow suburbs
For several years, Through the experience and efforts of gardeners, it has become possible to identify certain varieties of peach that are perfectly adapted and fruitful in moderate climates.
This property allows not to worry about the future harvest as the plant is capable of self-pollination.
An unpretentious, easy-to-grow variety. The tree reaches a height of about 3 meters and has a compact crown. Fruits have a slight blush and thin skin.
The tree is low, the crown is spreading, the fruits are quite large with a delicate pink color. The skin has a light down.
Hardy varieties allow a rich harvest even in unfavorable summer conditions and constant lower temperatures.
The tree is medium high, pyramid-shaped crown, large fruits (to 130 grams), juicy, yellow-red color, small down. The main advantage is persistent immunity to most major and most common fruit tree diseases.
Fruits are medium (110 grams) yellow, the skin is velvety, the ripening time is medium. In addition to being winter hardy, it has good immunity to various diseases.
An unpretentious variety that tolerates not only low temperatures, but also heat. The trees are tall, the fruits are large (up to 180 grams), the taste is sour-sweet.
The best varieties among early
The main advantage of these varieties is that you can enjoy the taste of heat-loving fruit in the first half of summer. For a good harvest, choose fertile plots with loose soil.
A rather unpretentious variety, capable of withstanding short-term frosts down to -30 degrees. Fruits are of medium size, greenish color with pink blush, dense skin covered with a dense layer of thin tufts. The taste of sour-sweet with a slight bitterness. It has a persistent immunity, stores for a long time.
Tree of medium height, large fruits, color bright yellow with dark pink spots, taste is sour-sweet.
Pick a seedling
When choosing a seedling, opt for young specimens that are no more than 2 years old. Such trees take root without problems. Healthy representatives have a height of 1.2 meters and the thickness of the main trunk is not less than 1.5 centimeters. If possible, take a sapling on which there are 4 branches. The buds should be fully formed but not yet budded.
One rule that applies not only to peaches, but also to all other seedlings. Choose a plant with a closed root system (in the ground), this increases rooting.
If you choose a specimen with open roots, inspect them well before purchase. The roots should be free of damage, signs of rot or disease.
Before planting an open-rooted seedling, dip its roots in growth stimulator for several hours.
Prepare the soil
Before planting, neutralize the soil by adding dolomite flour. Place drainage or broken bricks in the planting hole. Then proceed as in the case with the preparation for any stone fruit tree: apply humus, fertilizer and wood ash.
Planting is best done in spring, keeping a distance of at least four meters to the neighboring tree. After planting, water the peach tree generously and mulch the root zone.
For the most important, be aware that peach trees negatively affect apple, pear and cherry trees. Remember to water regularly in the year of planting, and prune the top in the fall. Remove frosted or broken branches each spring.
The year after planting, apply nitrogen fertilizer to the root circle in the spring. Thereafter, nitrogen fertilizer is eliminated until fall, leaving only phosphorus and potassium.
In the Moscow region, after the peach tree has shed its leaves, it should be dipped and covered a couple weeks later. Spruce lapnik, pine needles or coarse wood shavings can be used as cover. The young tree itself should be covered with lutrasil or other non-woven material.
Few years later the tree will get stronger and you will not need extra insulation.
Disease and pest control
Spray trees with copper-containing products to prevent fungal diseases.
To prevent pests, remove fallen leaves and dry twigs every fall. If you notice insects appearing, trapping belts and insecticide treatments can help.
A video review of peach varieties for the Moscow region and middle belt
The important nuances of peach growing, As well as a description of the best varieties for planting in the Moscow suburbs, the middle belt of Russia and Belarus. Recommended for viewing!
Compliance with these simple rules allows you to get a harvest of peaches in any part of the Moscow suburbs.