Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

The onion is a vegetable that no vegetable garden can do without. Onions have antimicrobial, antibacterial and disinfectant properties. They are planted in early spring and late autumn. It comes in sweet and bitter and differs in shape, taste and color.

Content

  1. Classification of onions
  2. River onion varieties
  3. White varieties
  4. Ala
  5. Alba
  6. Albion
  7. Barletta
  8. Bello Blanco F1
  9. White King
  10. White Jumbo
  11. White Globe
  12. Globo
  13. Divino
  14. Spanish 313
  15. Cometa
  16. Nevada
  17. Orizaba F1
  18. Silver Prince
  19. Sierra Blanca F1
  20. Stardust F1
  21. Sterling F1
  22. Snowball
  23. Exibichen
  24. Red Varieties
  25. The Crimson Ball
  26. Brunswick
  27. Brunswick
  28. Greatful F1
  29. Campillo F1
  30. Carman
  31. Yalta Red
  32. Red Bombay
  33. Prometheus
  34. Red Lug
  35. Retro
  36. Red Baron
  37. Red Zeppelin F1
  38. Red Yakut
  39. Robin
  40. Florentine torpedo
  41. Centurion
  42. Black Prince
  43. Yukont
  44. Early varieties Onion varieties
  45. Hercules F1
  46. Bessonovsky
  47. Bogatyrskaya Sila
  48. Yermak
  49. Karmen 
  50. Karatalsky
  51. Kometa
  52. Timiryazevsky
  53. Farmer early
  54. Stutgarter Riesen
  55. Mid-maturing varieties лука
  56. Альбион
  57. Апогей
  58. Глобус
  59. Грейтфул F1
  60. Краснодарский
  61. Пуговка красная
  62. Стурон
  63. Стерлинг F1
  64. Халцедон
  65. Шекспир
  66. Поздние сорта лука
  67. Бамбергер
  68. Волжанин
  69. Глобо
  70. Даниловский 301
  71. Kaba
  72. Serra Blanca F1
  73. Stardust
  74. Strigunovsky
  75. Red Yakut
  76. Exibishen
  77. Winter onion varieties севка
  78. Арзамасский
  79. Геркулес F1
  80. Даниловский 301
  81. Зимовей
  82. Кип- Vell
  83. Radar
  84. Red Baron
  85. Centurion F1
  86. The best onion varieties for greens
  87. Onion varieties for Moscow suburbs and the Central Russia
  88. Bello Blanco F1
  89. Bylina
  90. Wicking F1
  91. Spanish 313
  92. Candy F1
  93. Red Sweet F1  
  94. Retro
  95. Odintsovets
  96. Sima
  97. Extaz
  98. Onion varieties for the Urals and Siberia
  99. Baron
  100. Bessonov local
  101. Myachkovsky- 300
  102. Орион
  103. Сибирский однолетний
  104. Стригуновский
  105. Стурон
  106. Центурион F1
  107. Штутгартер ризен
  108. Черный принц
  109. Видео- review of the best onion varieties

Classification of onions

Onions are classified in several ways:

  • color - yellow, white, red, brown, purple;
  • shape - flat, rounded-flat, rounded, oval, elongated-oval, long;
  • taste - sweet, bitter (sharp);
  • ripening time - early, medium, late.
Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

The onion is grown in two ways: by sowing seeds for seedlings, followed by planting in the ground, or by using small seedling bulbs, called sevok. The vegetative part of the onion (the feather) is edible and can be used fresh as well as in cooking.

Roll onion varieties

The bulb consists of a base with scaly leaves on it. The top of the bulb is covered with dry scales (husks). The inner scales of the turnip are edible. They have a sweet (bitter) taste as well as an intense smell - amino acid sulfoxides or onion gas. The color of the scales depends on the variety; the most popular types of onions are white and red. Regardless of the color of the top husk, onion scales are white, juicy, and crisp.

The onions are grown through sowing seeds into the ground, using seeding. For an early harvest, seeds are sown in pots for seedlings in early March. Seeded onions are planted in the open field as soon as the soil warms to 12-15 degrees.

The maturity date of onions is the time from sowing the seeds (planting the seedling) until the vegetative mass has fallen. Onion varieties are divided into early, medium, and late onions according to their maturity date.

White varieties

Onions are divided into short and long shelf life. Onions that store for a short time are called salad onions and are most often used fresh. Long storage onions are distinguished by their flavor and are used in fried and stewed forms. Sweet white onion varieties in consumer demand:

Ala

A medium-maturing, salad variety. Weight of bulbs up to 150 g, grown through sowing seeds. Taste sweet, aftertaste sharp.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Alba

Bulbs 70-80 g, medium-late variety. The taste is sweet, semi-sharp, and the bitterness is moderate. The variety is suitable for long-term storage.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Albion

A Dutch selection variety, medium maturity. The bulbs are rounded, weighing 120-130g. Taste sweet, medium spice, no bitterness. Long storage variety.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Barletta

An early small variety, bulbs weigh 60-70 g. The shape of the heads is rounded, scales juicy, semi-spicy. Easy to care for, can tolerate high humidity.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Bello Blanco F1

Hybrid cultivar, not capricious to grow. Bulbs are flat, 150-200g, scales are sharp, sweet. Characterized by a long shelf life.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

White King

The variety is early, maturing in July. Bulbs average 100g, a high yielding, long storage variety. Taste sweet, juicy, without a specific smell.

White Jumbo

Grown from seed as well as seeding. Bulbs weigh 120-130g, long storage time. Taste sweet, sharpness medium.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info
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White Globe

A variety of early maturing, unpretentious. Tastes high, long shelf life. Oval bulbs 120-130 g, juicy, sharp, moderate bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Globo

High yielding, late variety. Bulbs are large, with some specimens reaching 300-400 g. The variety is salad, sweet, not spicy.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Divino

Grown through sowing seeds. If sown early, yields in August, bulbs up to 100g. The variety is resistant to viral diseases.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Spanish 313

Bulbs 150 g, long storage variety. Taste sweet, not bitter, long storage. Hybrid variety of European selection, resistant to moisture.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Cometa

The variety is early maturing, high yielding. Bulbs are small (80-100 g), taste pleasant, no bitterness. Long storage variety.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Nevada

An early variety, weight of bulbs up to 100 g. It has a long shelf life (up to 7 months). The taste is sweet, semi-spicy, juicy, no bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Orizaba F1

Bulbs 150-200 g, round, large. Medium ripening, long storage variety. Taste sweet, no bitterness. It is resistant to shoots.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Silver Prince

It has a high yield, suitable for feathering. Bulbs are small 50-70 g, round, with a silvery cast. The taste is sweet, juicy, semi-spicy.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Sierra Blanca F1

Hybrid of Dutch selection, heads 120-150 g. Harvest ripening 3 months after planting. Salad variety, not long storage. The taste is high.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Stardust F1

Bulbs are large, round, weighing 50-70 g. The taste is semi-sharp, pleasant. Characterized by a high shelf life, does not lose its marketable appearance during transportation.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Sterling F1

Bulbs are even, up to 150 g, the yield is stable, high. Taste sweet, bitterness medium. The variety stores 3-4 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Snowball

Early maturing bulbs, resistant to shoots. Bulb weight 130-170g, taste sweet, medium spiciness. A variety suitable for feathering.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Exibishen

Grown by sowing seeds in the ground. The largest Dutch selection onion, weighing up to 350g. Salad variety, storage 3-4 months. Unpretentious in care.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red varieties

Red onions are bred through the work of breeders. Unlike white onions, red heads have a sweeter flavor and almost no bitterness. The chemical composition of onions contains essential oils and antioxidants, which are beneficial to the human body. Red onions have a high water content, so most red onions do not store well. Shelf life is 3 to 8 months. The main purpose of onions is salad, and they are used for fresh consumption. Sweet red onion varieties in consumer demand:

The Crimson Ball

An early variety, sweet, taste not sharp. Bulbs rounded, flat, weight 20-130 g. Grown through sowing seeds.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Brunswigsky

A medium maturity onion, weight of bulbs 120 g. They are round in shape and taste very good. Harvest shelf-life up to 4 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Brunswick

A Dutch selection variety that is grown from seed. Bulbs are not large up to 70 g, rounded, shade of scales purple. Taste is sweet, spiciness moderate.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Greatful F1

A medium maturity, hybrid variety. It has a pleasant sweet taste and long shelf life.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Campillo F1

The bulbs are round, weighing 100 to 120 g. A variety that adapts well to weather conditions, resistant to disease, dampness. Taste is mild, aftertaste without bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Karmen

Bulb shape rounded flat, weight up to 100 g. Shade of scales purple, medium-late variety, storage up to 8 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Yalta

Bulbs large, dense, up to 150 g. The variety is heat-loving, grown through seedlings. Its shelf life is short but it produces excellent flavor.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Bombay

This is a late variety with bulb weight to 150g. Shape rounded, taste sweet, spiciness moderate. The crop is stored for up to 8 months, suitable for transportation.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Prometheus

A variety of Crimean selection, grown from seed as well as seeding. Maturation in 120 days after planting, the weight of the bulbs 80-100 g. The taste is mild, pleasant.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Pugovka red

A medium-early variety, the bulbs 60-80 g, flat shape. Onion taste is sweet, scales are juicy, subject to long storage.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Retro

The variety is early, ripening turnips in 80 days after planting. Bulbs are large, flattened. The taste is sweet, no bitterness. Harvest storage up to 4 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Baron

Bulbs are round, even, weighing up to 120 g. Low maintenance, 100 days ripeness. Juicy taste, moderate spiciness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Zeppelin F1

Hybrid by a Dutch breeder, medium early variety. Grown by sowing seeds and through seeding. The bulb is round, the taste is sweet, not spicy.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Yakut

The variety is very late, maturing in 130 days. Grown through seedlings. Its flavor is pleasant with a strong pungency. Long storage variety.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Robin

A very early variety, maturing in 90-100 days. Bulb shape elongated, grown by sowing seeds. Suitable for long-term storage.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Florentine torpedo

Bulb with purple tint, elongated shape. Ripening time 100 days, storage not more than 3 months. Onion taste is sweet, not sharp, no bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Centurion

A medium early variety, ripening in 100 days. Bulbs are elongated, with a pleasant, sweet taste. Long storage variety, resistant to the vagaries of the weather.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Black Prince

A long storage variety (up to 8 months). Bulbs are rounded, glossy surface. The taste is pleasant, sweet, bitterness is moderate. The variety is frost-resistant and resistant to frosts.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Yukont

An early variety, bulbs flattened to the bottom. Heads 120g, smooth, good storage. Onion color with a purple hue, taste sweet, spiciness light, no bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Early onion varieties

Early onions are varieties that have 80-90 days from seeding to maturity of onions. They are propagated by planting seedlings in the open ground or in film tunnels. Sweet early onion varieties in demand:

Hercules F1

White onion breeders of Holland. Bulbs 130-150 g in size, ellipse shape. The taste is sweet, slightly spicy and has a high yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Bessonian

White bulb, round, flattened shape. The average weight of the turnip is 60-70 g, lies well in storage (up to 9 months). The variety is unpretentious and productive.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Bogatyrska sila

The onions are beautiful golden in color, scales white, very juicy. The heads are large up to 400 g, rounded shape. Characterized by a stable yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Yermak

White onion of Siberian collection, heads large 300-400 g. Characterized by a sweet taste, with a slight bitterness. The yield of the variety is high, resistance to night frosts.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Karmen 

Description of this variety see above.

Karatalsky

The bulbs are 70 to 120 g, onions are white, shape of turnip is flat. A variety with high sugar content, gives a stable yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Cometa

See description of this variety above

Timiryazevsky

The variety is early maturing, weight of bulbs to 80 g. The shape is flat, rounded. Variety, resistant to changes in temperature. Scales white, juicy, moderate bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Farmer early

The onions are white, up to 100 g in weight. The taste is pleasant, with a slight spiciness, the bulbs are round, the husks golden. The variety does not tolerate plenty of moisture, tolerates drought well.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Stutgarter Riesen

The white onion, a variety of German selection. One of the popular German varieties in our country. Bulbs round, large, weighing up to 200 g each. The variety is not capricious in care, has a stable yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Middle onion varieties

Middle onions are varieties that have 90-110 days from planting the seed to maturity of onions. They are propagated by planting through seedlings or in the open ground in May. Varieties, medium maturity sweet onions:

Albion

Description of this variety see above.

Apogee

The variety is early, bulbs are small, up to 50 g. The color of the heads is bronze, the taste is pleasant, aromatic. High yielding variety, stores perfectly for 9 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Globus

Bulbs round, ripening time 100 days. Bulbs are round, weighing up to 150 g. A variety resistant to many fungal diseases. Harvest storage up to 6 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Greatful F1

See description of this variety above.

Krasnodarsky

Bulbs to 110g, scale color yellow, with pinkish hue. The taste is semi-acrid, the bitterness is minimal. The variety has a high yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Pugovka red

Describe this variety above.

Sturon

A white variety grown from seed. Heads are round, up to 120 g, taste sweet, moderate bitterness. Resistant to disease and pests, high yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Sterling F1

For a description of this variety see above.

Chalcedony

Heads small 60-80 g, bulbs rounded. Characterized by a good shelf life, resistance to viral diseases. The taste is pleasant, tangy.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Shakespeare

Bulb brownish color, scales white, juicy. A variety that shows high yield and is resistant to excess moisture.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Late onion varieties

Late onions are onions with a maturity date above 120-130 days. Late varieties of onions are grown through seedlings, in the southern regions by planting seedlings in the open ground. Late varieties in demand:

Bamberger

A German selection variety, resistant to the vagaries of the weather. Heads are light, elongated, small (up to 60 g). Intended for salad.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Volzhanin

Circular turnips to 130 g, golden husk, white flesh. The onion has a sharp taste, moderate bitterness. Long storage variety, famous for its yield.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Globo

Describe this variety above.

Danilovsky 301

The bulbs are rounded flat, weighing 80-120 g. The yield is high, the storage time is 4 months. The taste is juicy, without bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Kaba

The turnip shape is rounded, flat, weighing 120-130 g. Ripening time up to 140 days, the taste is pleasant, sharp. Not demanding to care, yield stable.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Serra Blanca F1

For a description of this variety see above.

Stardust

The mass of bulbs reaches 400 g, onions are large and grow slowly. The color of the scales and husks is white, the taste is pleasant, moderately spicy. Onions have a long shelf life.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Strigunovsky

Likes with elongated base, bulb weight 60-80 g. The top cover of the turnip is pinkish and snow-white at the cut. It has an excellent taste with no bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Yakut

See description above.

Exibichen

See description above.

Winter onion varieties

Seed onion varieties with high immunity and resistance to viral diseases are planted late in the fall. Winter onion varieties mature 30 days earlier than onions planted in the spring. Bulbs are larger and do not require watering until mid-May. The best winter varieties of sweet onions:

Arzamassky

The bulbs are rounded, the turnip weighing up to 70 g. The husk is brown, the inner scales white. The species is medium-ripening and yields high. Taste of the variety does not contain bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Hercules F1

Description of this variety see above.

Danilovsky 301

Description of this variety see above.

Zimowei

The variety is early, weight 90-100 g, color golden. The flesh is white, crisp, without bitterness. Yield is high, maturing in mid-July.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Keep-Well

A variety beloved by gardeners for long storage without losing quality. Bulbs are rounded, flattened, weighing up to 100 g. Golden husk, taste without bitterness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Radar

The variety is late, yields stable, high. The variety is frost-resistant, weight of bulbs up to 200 g, color white. The taste is high.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Red Baron

Description of this variety see above.

Centurion F1

Description of this variety see above.

Best Onion Greens

After planting, onions actively build up vegetative mass, called onion feathers. Onion greens contain a huge range of beneficial vitamins, minerals, and rare amino acids. Onions that are grown for feathering are called multi-stemmed (or multigenerated) bulbs. If you look at an onion in a section, you will see several green heads (buds), their number varying from 2 to 6.

Not only turnip onions, but also other species that grow a green feather instead of a turnip, are used to grow herbs. Varieties of onions used for feathering:

  • recommended onion - feather yield 4 kg per 1 m²;
  • leek - feather yield 2.5 kg per 1 m²;
  • sliced onion - feather yield 2 kg per 1 m²;
  • shallots - feather yield of 5 kg per 1 m²;
  • bathoon - feather yield of 5 kg per 1 m²;
  • schnittles - feather yield of 3.5 kg per 1 m².

Onion varieties for the Moscow region and Central Russia

Since the weather conditions in the Moscow region and Central Russia are favorable for growing onions, the choice of varieties for planting is huge. To ensure a harvest, onions are planted in early April (early), in late April (medium-ripening) and in early May (late). Popular sweet onion varieties popular with consumers:

Bello Blanco F1

For a description of this variety, see above.

Bylina

Red onions, medium-mature, bulbs large to 200 g. Scales juicy, salad variety, shelf life 4 months.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Wicking F1

A hybrid variety, golden yellow, white in cut. Taste sweet with slight bitterness. Average turnip weight 150 g.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Spanish 313

Description of this variety see above.

Kandy F1

Description of this variety see above.

Red Sweet F1  

For a description of this variety see above.

Retro

For a description of this variety see above.

Odintsovets

The bulbs are yellow-golden and the heads are round to 80g. The variety is productive and has high fruit shelf life.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Sima

The onions are medium maturing, weighing 150 g, the turnips are even, round. Outer scales with brown tinge, flesh white, juicy. Favorable to climatic changes, resistant to pests.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Extaz

The variety is medium early, yellow in color, flesh white. The weight of the turnips is 150 g and it has a long shelf life. The onion taste is sharp, sweet, without spiciness.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Onion varieties for the Urals and Siberia

For growing onions in the Urals and Siberia, one should choose varieties that are resistant to the vagaries of nature. The weather in this region is subject to variations in night and daytime temperatures. Onion varieties for cold regions should have high immunity, resistance to diseases and pests. Popular onion varieties for Siberians:

Baron

Description of this variety see above.

Bessonovsky local

Description of this variety see above.

Myachkovsky-300

Heads to 100 g, white color, flesh juicy, with light sharpness. Frost-resistant, resistant to viral diseases.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Orion

White onion of English selection, heads large to 200 g in weight. Ripening early, yield stable.

Siberian annual

Middle maturing, large onion of good taste. When planted as a seedling, the turnip weighs up to 200 g, harvested in 100 days.

Onion Varieties - 70 Best Varieties 2022 | Gardeners Info

Strigunovsky

For a description of this variety, see above.

Sturon

For a description of this variety see above.

Centurion F1

For a description of this variety see above.

Stutgarter Riesen

For a description of this variety see above.

Black Prince

For a description of this variety see above.

Video overview of the best onion varieties

For a description of the best onion varieties and their planting and growing characteristics. A helpful video to watch!

To get a good harvest of onions, it is necessary to choose the right variety according to zoning. Then create favorable growing conditions. If the rules of cultivation are followed, a crop of onions is guaranteed.

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