Onion Fertilization - What And When To Fertilize Onions | Gardeners Info

There's hardly a gardener who hasn't tried to grow a voracious vegetable on his plot. But it so happens that you plant onions, water them, weed them, and the result is a trifle. And it becomes a shame for the effort and labor costs. It turns out that every third gardener makes mistakes when growing onions, as a result of which the onions become small and the onion feathers turn yellow. To prevent such situations, conduct proper fertilization for onions.

Content

  1. First rule for planting onions
  2. What fertilizer is needed for onion growth
  3. Good fertilizer application
  4. First fertilizer for green growth
  5. Second fertilizer for bulb formation
  6. Third fertilizer for increased yield
  7. Feeding for bunting
  8. Organic
  9. Mineral
  10. Complex
  11. People's Onion Growing Products
  12. Organic Alcohol
  13. Sprouts
  14. Sugars
  15. Salt
  16. Videos about onion dressing

The first rule for planting onions

The most important rule for planting onions is to prepare the soil. The site for planting is level, sunny, and free of groundwater. The ridge for planting is recultivated to the bayonet of a spade, remove weeds. Soil acidity for successful growth of the vegetable should be in the range of 6.4 - 6.7 pH. Do not forget about crop rotation, the best predecessors for onions are salads, zucchini, pumpkin, potatoes, siderata. You should not plant onions after strawberries, radishes, garlic and radishes. It is possible to return to the same bed after 3-4 years.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Before planting onions, prepare the bed by filling it with decomposed manure or compost (1 kg per 1 sq.m.) with the addition of 1 tbsp of wood ash per 1 sq.m. To the organic fertilizer add long-lasting mineral granules. After thoroughly mixing the soil is watered with settled water.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

What kind of fertilizer is necessary for onion growth

The onion is considered an unpretentious crop, because its root system does not penetrate deep into the soil. For the heads to grow large, the vegetable needs the following mineral fertilizers:

1. Nitrogen. The main substance that promotes the development of onion turnips. Nitrogen stimulates the formation of the most important element for plant growth, chlorophyll. When nitrogen is deficient, onions become shallow, feathers become pale, tips turn yellow and wither.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
Nitrogen deficiency

2. Phosphorus. Stimulates vegetative growth of the bulb and promotes proper development of the vegetable. Phosphorus is essential for natural metabolic processes within the bulb, the turnip becomes dense, crispy. If phosphorus is deficient, the bulb is shallow, growth slows, and the feather takes on a purple hue.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
Phosphorus deficiency

3. Kalium. Enhances the plant's defenses and increases the plant's immunity. Potassium helps resist viral diseases and promotes root development. Potassium directly affects the taste of onions, helps to acquire a specific taste and aroma. Potassium deficiency affects the color of the feathers, they become pale and quickly fall to the ground.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
Deficiency in potassium

The calcium, magnesium, molybdenum and boron are equally important micro-nutrients. Since these minerals are less necessary for the growth of onions, their lack has little effect on the development of turnips. In addition, onions get these microelements by applying organic fertilizers: manure, mulch, peat, compost and green fertilizer.

Regular application of fertilizers

The onion seedlings are used to obtain a crop of onions. This is a planting material grown from seed. Different micronutrients are needed at different stages after planting for bulb development. Fertilizers can be both organic, mineral and mixed. The amount of fertilizer in the table is given on the basis of 1 square meter.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

First fertilization for green mass growth

The first green shoots appear 13-15 days after planting. At this time, the first feeding of the onion should be done. It is necessary for the development and growth of the feathers, which are involved in the photosynthesis of the plant.

Name of mineral fertilizerQuantity of mineral fertilizerMethod of application
Infusion of cowpea1 kg per 10 L waterStill for 7 days, diluted 1/10, water in
Poultry manure0.5 Liter per 10 L waterHarden 7 days, diluted 1/20, Watering
Ammonium nitrate30 g per 10 L waterStir thoroughly, watering
Urea (Urea)20 g per 10 L waterStir thoroughly, water
Ammonium Sulfate20 g per 10 L waterStir thoroughly and water
Mixed dressing0.5 L of cowpea oil and 1 Tbsp. L of ureaSoak for 2 hours, apply with watering
Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Second feeding for bulb formation

After the green onion feather has started to grow actively, conduct a second feeding. The timing is about a month after planting, or 2 weeks after the first feeding. At this stage of development, onions need less nitrogen fertilizer and more phosphorus and potassium.

Name of mineral fertilizerQuantity of mineral fertilizerMethod of fertilizer application
Agricola-2  for onions and garlic25 grams per 10 liters of waterSprinkle on the leaf or water in water
Green grass infusion (except grasses)1 kg of grass cut in 9 liters of waterSoak for 7-8 days, diluted 1/10, with watering
Nitrophoska or Superphosphate2 tbsp. Water, mix thoroughly and apply with watering
Mixed dressing10 g Urea, 40 g Superphosphate, 1 Tbsp. ashStir thoroughly, apply with watering
Mixed dressing30 g ammonium nitrate, 60 g superphosphate, 1 tbsp. ashStir thoroughly and apply with watering
Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Third top dressing to increase yield

The third top dressing for onions is not necessary, it is used only in poor, barren soils. In such soils the development of the bulbs stops, the feather begins to turn yellow and bend down. The timing of fertilization is 2 months after planting. At this stage of development, onions do not need nitrogen fertilizers, they need fertilizers high in potassium and phosphorus.

Name of mineral fertilizerQuantity of mineral fertilizerMethod of fertilizer application
Wood ash1 L per 10 L waterSoak for 2-3 hours, Stir and water
Wood ash + Superphosphate1 L for 10 L of water + 1 Tbsp. SuperphosphateStir thoroughly and apply with watering
Effecton-O for onions and garlic2 Tbsp. Apply with watering or by sprinkling on the leaf
Mixed dressing20g Superphosphate + 10g Potassium SaltStir well, Apply with watering
Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Fertilizer for feathering

Green onion feathering is a source of vitamins and minerals good for the human body. It is the first green you can get in early spring at the beginning of the gardening season. The following types of onions are used for onion feathering:

  • onion (cut quill 3-4 weeks after planting);
  • bathoon (cut quill 30 days after planting);
  • sliced onion (cut quill 20 days after planting);
  • shnitt onion (cut quill 20 days after planting);
  • shallot (cut quill 20-25 days after planting).
Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

In order to produce early greens, onions need nitrogen. Since onions used for feathering are not grown for turnips, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are needed in minimal amounts. Fertilizers for onion feathering can be organic or mineral.

Organic

1. Muck. Put in a bed with onions since autumn, has a long effect, supplies nitrogen to the roots for 2 months. The decomposed organic matter shall be applied at the rate of 5 kg per 1 sq.m.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

2. Cow or horse manure. Dilute 1 kg of substrate in 10 liters of water and insist for 7 days, stirring daily. As soon as bubbles stop appearing on the surface of the liquid, the concentrate is ready for use. It is diluted at the rate of 1 litre per 5 litres of water and watered around the bulbs.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

3. Bird droppings. The most commonly used litter is that of chickens, pigeons, geese, and turkeys. 1 kg of dry manure is diluted in 10 liters of water and infused for 7 days. The concentrate is diluted at the rate of 1/20, watered between the rows.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Please note: Organic fertilizer is not recommended to apply under the root! For this purpose, furrows 5 cm deep are made 10 cm away from the bulbs. Water through the furrows.

Mineral

Mineral fertilizer should be applied according to the instructions on the packaging. Lack or excess of necessary substances will retard bulb development and stop growth. The main mineral fertilizers used for green feathering are:

1. Nitrogen sources: Urea, Ammophoska, Ammonium nitrate.

  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

2. Sources of phosphorus: Superphosphate, Double Superphosphate, Nitroammophoska, Phosphate or Bone meal.

  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

3. Potassium sources: Potassium salt, Potassium chloride, Calimagnesia.

  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Комплексные

В садовых магазинах есть большой выбор удобрений, that are used to fertilize onion greens. These are complex fertilizers: Fasko, Agricola, Effecton, Vegeta, Hera, Baikal EM. The dosages, frequency and efficiency of feeding are described in detail on the packages.

  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info
  • Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Народные remedies for growing onions

There are several folk recipes that are used to grow onions, since ancient times they were used by our grandmothers and grandfathers. Folk tips are still popular with many gardeners.

Nasher alcohol

Source of nitrogen, which is used at the first signs of starvation. Dilute 3 tbsp. of the substance in 10L of water and water under the root. You should not use the liquid to spray the greens, it will harm the onion feathers.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Yerd

A source of substances necessary for turnip development. Yeast activates the microflora in the soil and promotes onion growth. Yeast supplements are applied with the onset of stable temperatures, because they \"work\" only in a warm environment. Dry yeast (2 tbsp) is diluted in 10 liters of water, add 3 tbsp of sugar. After 2 days of fermentation the solution is diluted 1/5, watered.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Sugars

Source of nitrogen and phosphorus, a lot of microelements. Promotes active growth and development of green feathers and turnips. Soak 0.5 kg of breadcrumbs (or dried bread) in 10 liters of water. Soak for 3 days, then water in prepared furrows

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Salt

Salt solution is considered a good plant root system growth stimulator. Salt contains magnesium, potassium, iron, copper and manganese. In addition, salt solution suppresses pathogenic environment in the soil, drives away the onion fly, gets rid of larvae. Dilute 200 g of table salt in 10 liters of water, infuse for 2-3 hours, water in the furrows.

Onion fertilization - what and when to fertilize onions | Gardeners Info

Videos about onion nutrition

What is the best to use for onion nutrition, what should not be used. Important points for a rich harvest. Join in watching!

Timely and proper fertilizing is the key to a good harvest. The best way to apply fertilizer is to add it when watering onions. Granular mineral fertilizers can be applied dry, but one important rule is to sprinkle them on wet soil or the day after a rain.

.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Fields marked with * are required. *