Nitrogen Fertilizers: What They Are, Types, Proper Use | Gardeners Info

A prerequisite for an excellent yield in the home garden is the correct use of mineral fertilizers. Nitrogen is vital to plant development and fruiting, and is often lacking in the soil, so it must be applied as an additional fertilizer to the fruit and vegetables in the beds.

Nitrogen in the soil

  1. Nitrogen background
  2. What is nitrogen for
  3. Nitrogen fertilizers
  4. Liquid Fertilizers
  5. Nitrate group
  6. Amide fertilizers
  7. Nitrogen demand of plants
  8. Fertilizer application methods
  9. Signs of excess and deficiency
  10. Videos on nitrogen fertilizers: Which one to choose, how and when to apply

Fundamental information about nitrogen

Nitrogen is one of the most abundant elements on earth. Without it, not a single organism or plant can develop and exist. Nitrogen is a constituent of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids. It is these trace elements that are essential for the development of plants and their good fruiting.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Every soil contains nitrogen, but not enough for good plant yields. Especially since by growing different fruits and vegetables in the same place gardeners are impoverishing the soil, which contains less and less of this good nutrition. Therefore it is necessary to fertilize the plants regularly, which in turn improves the yield of the beds.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

What nitrogen is required for

Nitrogen is part of chlorophyll and therefore necessary for the plants to assimilate the sun's energy correctly. Consequently, if these trace elements are lacking, the vegetables and fruits grown in beds cannot develop and often become sick and soon die.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

It is found that young leaves and shoots are particularly rich in nitrogen during their active growth phase. As soon as the plant has stems and new buds in the spring, nitrogen rushes to them, which ensures proper growth.

Nitrogen is necessary for plants to form fruits and improve their taste characteristics. Therefore, in nitrogen-poor soils, the fruit to be formed is usually small in size and less than ideal in taste.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Types of nitrogen fertilizers

Most gardeners are convinced that nitrogen is only found in mineral fertilizers. In reality, however, this trace element is also found in organics; in particular, manure contains about 1 percent nitrogen, and compost even has a 25 percent concentration of this so beneficial compound for plants.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

It is easiest to use mineral fertilizers, in which nitrogen is already in easily digestible form and in the right amount. It is only important to choose the right fertilizers that will fully match the type of soil, subsequently not exceeding the maximum allowable doses of agrochemicals.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Liquid fertilizers

Liquid fertilizers that contain nitrogen are the so-called ammonia group. The production of such mineral solutions is not difficult, so the gardener can significantly save on their purchase. However, such fertilizer has a certain disadvantage, namely the possible loss of valuable nitrogen by evaporation of anhydrous free ammonia. Part of the trace elements introduced into the soil reacts with other compounds in the ground, is quickly converted into ammonium hydroxide and subsequently washed away with the melt water.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Nitrate Group

The nitrate group of nitrogen fertilizers includes ammonium nitrate, which is a universal fertilizer providing maximum efficiency, containing useful trace elements in a readily available form. Usually such fertilizer is applied to the soil in early spring, which allows to provide plants with necessary nutrition at the earliest stages of development. The use of ammonium nitrate is not particularly difficult, granules are diluted in water in the consistency of 20-30 grams per 10 liters of water.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Amide fertilizer

A typical representative of the amide fertilizer group is urea, which can contain up to 46% nitrogen. Depending on the soil type, this fertilizer can be applied both in autumn and early spring. The advantage of amide fertilizers is their affordable cost, efficiency and ease of use. It is only necessary to choose the right dosage of the agrochemical, which is calculated based on the type and characteristics of the soil on the plot.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

The nitrogen requirement of plants

A typical mistake many gardeners make is to apply nitrogen fertilizers without taking into account the needs of this microelement by specific plants. As a result, some plants lack nutrition, while others, on the contrary, suffer from an overabundance of nitrogen in the soil. This invariably has a negative effect on the yield and sustainability of the vegetables and fruits grown on the beds.

The category of garden crops that have high nitrogen requirements include eggplants, rhubarb, peppers, zucchini, pumpkins, potatoes and cabbage. When they are grown, nitrogen fertilizer should be applied to the soil both before planting and immediately during the growing season.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
    овощи, теплица, баклажан
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

К group of plants with a medium nitrogen requirement include carrots, beets, cucumbers, tomatoes and garlic. A single application of nitrogen-containing fertilizer, usually made in early spring, will be sufficient when growing them on a homestead plot. Consumption of ammonium nitrate or urea in this case will be no more than 20 grams of agrochemical per square bed.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Из Vegetable and fruit crops, that are less nitrogen demanding in the soil are early potatoes, radishes, onions, and various leafy vegetables. Either a minimum nitrogen application or a biennial nitrogen application will be sufficient to produce a good yield for such crops.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Способы of applying fertilizer

Before sowing in tillage, fertilizer with nitrogen is simply spread over the soil, Then the soil is turned over and the useful trace elements in this fertilizer are gradually transformed into an easily digestible form. Also widespread is the so-called band method of fertilization, when urea or ammonium nitrate is buried in a narrow band near the plants at the very surface of the soil. During the growing season it is customary to use liquid solutions based on nitrogen-containing fertilizers, organizing spot drip irrigation or spraying the plants with these nutrient solutions.

  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info
  • Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

Признаки избытка and deficiency of nitrogen

Overabundance of nitrogen can be detected by the plants' lush green parts kicking out, Overabundance of nitrogen can be detected by their lush green part, overgrowth, blossoming and setting off later or not at all. Also, major nitrogen overdoses in the soil result in leaf scorch, in which case the leaves die off quickly or the root system of the perennials dies.

Nitrogen fertilizers: what they are, types, proper use | Gardeners Info

In nitrogen deficiency, plants turn yellow and look weak and the green part may turn pale green or even yellow. As soon as a gardener notices these signs of a nitrogen deficiency in the soil, the plants should be fertilized immediately, which will give the beds a good harvest.

Nitrogen fertilizer video: Which one to choose, how and when to apply

Which is better to use: urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate or hornblende? The video talks about each of these nitrogen fertilizers separately, you will learn which nitrogen fertilizer is best, when and how to apply each type of nitrogen fertilizer. Присоединяйтесь к просмотру!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Fields marked with * are required. *