Everybody can get quality and nutritious supplements without chemicals, regardless of the time of year. We are talking about growing microgreens at home. Lately, the cult of healthy eating has been gaining global proportions. Every health-conscious person pays special attention to the diet, which cannot do without greens. Micronutrient peas are very popular because they contain a huge amount of vitamins, minerals and fiber. It is important to note that the concentration of nutrients in the young shoots is several times higher than in the mature plant. The product can be used in salads, side dishes and as a decoration for prepared meals.
With all this the growing process does not require much time, special equipment and knowledge. A few minutes a day is enough. Rapid growth allows more than 20 harvests per year.
- Caloric content and composition of pea microgreens
- Beneficial properties of pea microgreens
- How to grow pea microgreens
- Seed selection
- Growing pea microgreens at home
- Alternatives to growing without soil
- Videos on the technology and secrets of growing pea microgreens
The calories and composition of pea microgreens
Grown pea shoots contain manganese, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, iodine, calcium and manganese. As for the vitamin group, the young plant contains the following types: A, B, E, C and PP. In addition, it contains: beta-carotene, chlorophyll, folic acid and antioxidants.
In 100 grams of young pea greens it contains:
- Carbohydrates - 1.4 g.
- Fat - 0.8 g.
- Proteins - 3.5 g.
- Calories equal to 31 kcal.
The benefits of pea microgreens
The sprouts are concentrators of vitamins and minerals whose proper consumption has positive effects on the body. Among the main advantages are:
- Regulation of blood pressure. It participates in the process of hematopoiesis.
- Improves the immune system.
- The young greens provide cells with energy.
- The substances in peas have the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and thrombosis.
- It has antibacterial qualities and reduces the risk of tumors.
- It improves the removal of toxins from the body.
- Beneficial effects on the digestive system.
- Regulates and supports the stable functioning of all organisms.
- Enhances the elasticity and reduces the aging of the blood vessels.
All these positive effects can be achieved by regular consumption of the young green peas.
Healthy eaters observe that when one eats young pea shoots, one will notice a significant increase in strength and well-being. In addition, the condition of the nails, hair and skin improves. These microgreens contain substances beneficial for reproductive system of men and women. Despite all their positive qualities, pea myrtle is not recommended for pregnant women and little children because of its high level of active substances. Allergic reactions are also possible in people with individual intolerance to the components of peas. Allergies can manifest themselves as a rash. The first use should begin with a few leaves, which will allow you to track the negative reaction of the body. Cases of intolerance are extremely rare.
How to grow pea microgreens
Before talking about planting and care techniques, the main thing to do is buy the seeds. Garden stores carry a huge range of pea seeds in different varieties. Still, there are special varieties designed for microgreens. Their distinctive feature is considered high germination and the absence of chemicals, which are often used by manufacturers to protect seeds from diseases and pests. This will ensure that the young shoots are environmentally friendly and safe to eat.
The pea seeds are among the most popular when grown at home. The shoots have a crisp and juicy texture, resembling the sweetness of legumes in taste. You can also use regular chickpea seeds for sowing, which are cheaper than specialty species for microgreens. You should not buy chickpeas as they have tough leaves and stems, accordingly, they are not suitable for consumption.
Growing microgreens peas at home
Peas are a stable and unpretentious plant, which can be grown at home even by inexperienced vegetable growers. The traditional method involves growing on substrate or soil.
- Selected seed should be pre-soaked before sowing. A peroxide solution (200 ml water and 15 ml hydrogen peroxide) can be used for soaking. Keep the seeds in the water solution for 2-3 hours. You can soak in clean water until the seeds swell.
- Find a wide container (container, tray, pot, etc.). For the drainage of excessive moisture at the bottom of the container should be made drainage holes.
- In the growing tray pour the substrate or soil layer of 3-4 centimeters, which is evenly moistened with a sprayer.
- On the surface of the soil spread the pea seeds at a minimum distance from each other. Then cover them with a thin layer of soil followed by moistening.
- The container with the planting material cover with foil, glass or other transparent object and place on a window sill with good light.
- After the first seedlings appear, the cover should be removed.
- In further growth, the substrate should be moistened regularly with a sprayer.
- The crop can be harvested after the appearance of 1-3 leaves.
Микрозелень Peas are not sprouted seeds, but a complete plant harvested at an early stage of development.
How to grow pea microgreens without soil
You can get a crop of young peas without using soil. Hydroponic technology is a great alternative. This requires a special sprouting tray with water and a grid.
The technology is very simple. Water is poured into the tray, then a grid is placed, on which the pea seeds are densely placed. All this is closed with a stationary lid and placed on the window sill. The only task of the gardener is to timely add water to the tray. Germinators can be purchased for little money at almost any gardening store.
Almost automatic systems for growing herbs have now been developed and are represented by small shelves with trays. These germinators have artificial light lamps, ventilation and watering systems to make growing as easy as possible. The most advanced devices - sprouters.Besides full control of the microclimate, they have the ability to remotely control with a smartphone or computer. \"Electronic beds\" - the best option for a small business, can be designed for different number of containers. The disadvantage of this option is the high cost of the units.
Alternative option of growing without soil
Growing beds for peas can be created from improvised means at home. You will need a plastic container, tray or even a cake lid. As an alternative substrate the following materials can be used:
- Paper towels or gauze.
- Wool or cotton disks.
- Linen mats or coconut fibre.
Суть is, to lay one of these materials at the bottom of the selected container and moisten with a sprayer. Next, the seed is placed on the surface of the material. The container is covered with a lid, film or glass and placed on a window sill with good light. It is important to moisten the material carefully every day. After the seeds have sprouted, remove the cover, but continue moistening every day until harvest.
A fresh crop of young pea shoots can be obtained 10-14 days after sowing. It is recommended that microgreens of peas be consumed fresh without heat treatment. Cut greens can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than a week. Growing microgreens without soil allows you to consume the crop without washing.
Video about technology and secrets of growing micropea greens
Watch the video to learn how to choose the right seeds of micropea greens. Rules of soaking, barbotage, and disinfecting the seeds. Sowing on coconut substrate, linen mats, non-woven fabric. Growing microgreens using hydroponics. Join in watching!
Growing microgreens for peas is an excellent and simple option to get a quality product with high nutrient content. You can be sure that no chemicals or additives were used during the growing process, unlike with purchased greens. You can grow several types of plants in parallel, which will greatly diversify your diet.