Lavender (55 Photos) - Varieties And Species, Planting, Care, Pruning, Propagation | Gardeners Info

Lavender is a graceful, beautiful flowering plant with a subtle, pleasant fragrance. It has widespread popularity among professional and novice gardeners. The bright spikey inflorescences are the best decoration for any garden or flower garden

Content

  1. General characteristics and features of lavender
  2. Growing lavender
  3. How to grow lavender from seeds? or hybrid
  4. Broadleaf (French)
  5. English
  6. Multi-cutting
  7. Lavender care
  8. Care instructions
  9. Plant and light
  10. IWater
  11. Feeding
  12. Trimming
  13. Preparation for winter
  14. Winter preparation WintergreeningGeneral Lavender Care Tips and Recommendations
  15. Lavender cultivation in different regions of Russia
  16. Middle Russia and Moscow Region
  17. South Regions
  18. North Regions
  19. Diseases and Pests
  20. Diseases and Diseases pestsBeneficial properties of lavender
  21. Contraindications
  22. Interesting facts about lavender
  23. Videos on the secrets of growing lavender

General characteristics and features of lavender

Lavender is an evergreen herb, classified in the cloverberry family. There are a total of 47 full-grown species and several hybrid forms. Depending on the variety, it varies in height from 20 to 70 centimeters. Natural habitats include Australia, eastern Africa, India, southern Europe and the Canary Islands.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Растение имеет мощную развитую корневую систему мочковатого типа. No central root is prominent. Numerous root offshoots may go deep into the soil to extract moisture for the above-ground part.

Leaf laminae have pubescence. Flowers can be purple, blue, lilac, white, pink, and other tones, depending on the species. The buds themselves are gathered in inflorescences of spike-like shape with 5-10 pieces in each. It is important to note that not only the flowers are fragrant, but also the leaves and stems.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Важно помнить, that lavender is a strong allergen that can cause a negative reaction in the human body.  A fragrant essential oil is extracted from the plant, which is widely used in the cosmetic, perfume and pharmaceutical industries. Lavender has an insecticidal action which has allowed it to be used in folk medicine.

Lavender is considered a valuable honeybee. It is not uncommon for apiaries to be set up near fields with these flowers as they produce honey that is useful, tart and very valuable.

An interesting fact! The flower can change color over the course of a day: purple, blue, and lilac.

Growing lavender

To grow this flower in your plot, you will have to do some hard work. There are several planting options. One can choose the best one for oneself.

How to grow lavender from seed?

Before sowing lavender seeds, they must be stratified. This is done by placing the seeds in a pot that has been covered with damp sand. The seeds are simply poured on the surface of the sand. After that, the container should be tightly covered with a lid and placed in a cool place for a month and a half to two months. The optimum stratification temperature is +5°C, so the seeds can be prepared in an ordinary household refrigerator.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Sowing lavender is done twice a year, in spring and fall:

  • To plant the seeds in spring, it is important to artificially cold stratify as above. Direct sowing into the ground is done in May when night temperatures will not fall below -7°C. It is important to put seeds in the ground at a distance of 2 centimeters from each other.
  • Autumn sowing is better in the middle of October. But it all depends on the climate of the particular area. The seeds are sown into the soil and slightly covered with soil, up to 0.5 centimeters thick. If sowing is carried out in dry soil, it should be moistened beforehand. In order to ensure that the seeds do not freeze over winter, the places of sowing are covered with a thick layer of snow. This way the seeds will pass the natural process of stratification. The first shoots will not appear until May after the winter. If the spring is cold, the lavender will sprout even later.
Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Keeping the resulting seedlings can be done after the shoots have reached 5 centimeters in height. The best option for transplanting is to initially plant in separate peat tablets or pots. This makes transplanting easier for the grower and painless for the plant.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

How to plant lavender in the open ground

If growing seedlings in the house, transplanting to the open ground outside is done after the soil is warm. Beforehand, it is necessary to dig over the bed and apply fertilizer. A good option for feeding will be humus. It is worth following the planting pattern: the distance between the plants should be 70-80 centimeters.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Besides growing from seed, lavender is excellent multiplied by dividing the bush. This will make the task of planting flowers on a plot easier.

Lavender planting by bush division

The bush can be planted at any time of year, except during the flowering period. Only a mature plant can be used for division. A clear sign that the lavender is ready for transplanting is when the lower part of the stem is woody. For transplanting, the following steps should be taken:

  • First, a shallow hole should be dug near the bush. It is covered with film or glass to warm up the root system for four days. It is important to water daily.
  • After that, the whole bush can be dug up and the root system can be divided into separate parts.
  • The resulting parts can be transplanted. After planting, compact the soil and water regularly without stagnant water.
Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Grafting lavender

Another method is cuttings. Not the best option in terms of efficiency, but sometimes used by gardeners. To do this, young shoots of 10 centimeters in length must be cut from the bush. After that, they are shallowly buried in a greenhouse or greenhouse. The main thing is not to forget to water, so that the cuttings gave roots and did not dry out.

This method should be carried out in early summer. Already by the beginning of autumn, full-grown seedlings with their own root system can be obtained and planted in a permanent location.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Размножение lavender by grafts

To use this method, several pagons must be selected in early spring and ducked to the ground. They should be placed in previously prepared grooves up to 5 centimeters deep. The stems are fixed with staples, fill the grooves with soil and water abundantly. It is important that during the entire growing season, over the laid pagons there is soil with average moisture content. Detachment is carried out only for the next spring. As the cold weather recedes, the offshoots are dug up and planted in a permanent location.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Lavender species and varieties

Lavender is a popular and well-known flowering plant for everyone. Most gardeners enjoy growing it. It can be easily cared for and has a very elegant appearance and a very pleasant fragrance.

Botanists have a total of 47 different species. There are also hybrid forms bred artificially. In flowerbeds and gardens both broadleaf and narrowleaf lavender are preferred. Many popular varieties were obtained on their basis. For the middle belt of our country, the narrow-leaved one is the best option, since it has high frost resistance without much shelter.

Lavender narrow-leaved

This is the best known and most common species. It grows perfectly both in warm climates as well as in the middle part of our country. High indicators of frost resistance allow it to survive a strong drop in temperature. At the same time the plant is not particularly demanding in care.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

The distinctive feature of the species is the narrow leaf plates. The flowers are small gathered in spikelets. It grows up to half a meter. The flowering period falls in the middle of June, the end of July. The most popular varieties are Manstead, Rosea and Heathcote Blue.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Манстэд
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Розеа
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Хидкоут Блю

Зубчатая

Карликовые растения, Growing in the home. The distinctive feature is the shaped leaf plates with a silvery tint. The flowers are very bright, mostly purple.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Holland or hybrid

A very popular species with gardeners because of the tall stems and large flowers. In fact, they are hybrids created by crossing English lavender with other species. The plant has narrow leaves and oblong flowers of relatively large size. Flowering begins in July. Due to its qualities, it is often grown for cutting.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

The best known varieties:

  • Arabian Knight - large beautiful flowers of dark purple or dark blue.
  • Alba - has white flowers.
  • Grosso - the petals of the buds have a purple-purple tone.
  • Soyers - the variety features light purple buds.
  • Richard Gray - compact-sized bushes with dark purple flowers.
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Арабиан Найт
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Альба
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Гроссо
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Сойерс
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Ричард Grey

Schiroleaf (French)

These are heat-loving plants, preferably grown in warm southern climates. This species is often called French lavender. Can be in a variety of colors: white, pink, lilac, and purple. It is an early variety, beginning flowering in April-May and ending in July. Interestingly, this species may bloom again in late summer.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

The best known varieties:

  • Helmsdale - has large lilac and maroon buds.
  • Tiara - the variety features cream bracts and blue tone petals.
  • Yellow Vale is a bright variety with yellowish leaves, crimson bracts and dark purple buds.
  • Rocky Road is a relatively new variety with large purple-blue buds. A distinction is considered to be the beginning of flowering from July.
  • Rigal Splendour is a popular variety, with large, dark purple buds.
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Хелмсдэйл
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Тиара
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Йеллоу Вэйл
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Роки Роуд
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    Ригал Сплендур

Английская

Вид имеет довольно объемные кусты, which can reach a width and height of up to 1 meter. Compared to the previous species, it has excellent frost resistance. Leaf blades are dense, narrow with little pubescence. The flowering period is July-August. Flowers are small, clustered in spikes of 5-10, usually in blue, lilac or sky-blue. They have a distinctly pleasant fragrance.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Multiflower

The species is a small perennial semi-shrub. Their homeland is considered the Mediterranean. For this reason in the middle belt of Russia it can be cultivated only as an annual. The leaf lamina has a fern-like shape with a gray-green color. The flower stalks reach a height of 60 centimeters. There are spike-like inflorescences on their apex. The buds have a blue-purple tone. The peculiarity of the species is a long period of flowering, until late fall. At the same time, it is not fastidious in care.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Perfect care of lavender

Optimal conditions for the growth of lavender are subtropics. However, it can be very well grown in a temperate climate as well.

Gardeners do not consider lavender a fussy plant. It is able to grow well even with minimal attention. Of course, in this case, the aesthetics will suffer, because the shape of the bush will suffer. Experienced gardeners have some secrets that allow them to grow really amazing flowers.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Care practices

The most important procedures to follow when growing lavender are:

  • Timely watering, without water stagnation in the soil.
  • Soughtful fertilization.
  • Trimming the bush.
  • Preparing and covering for the cold season.

Let us tell you in a little more detail about each of the stages of care, the fulfillment of which will allow even the novice gardener to grow lavender in his plots.

Ground and lightness

When preparing for planting, it is important to take care of the quality of the soil in which the lavender will be planted. The soil must be loose above all and regularly tamped down. It is important that it is neutral or slightly acidic. The soil must be well permeable, because stagnant water in the root system will lead to the death of the flower. When planting it is worth adding humus and wood ash to the soil, this will provide the plant with nutrients and allow it to take root better.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

It is important not to plant lavender bushes in low lands - they will quickly wither and disappear. If there is no other option, a drainage system near the planting hole is required. 

In terms of lighting, lavender is very easy to grow in the shadow of trees and in open areas with diffused light.

Watering

There is no temporary watering standard. It is recommended that watering be done as the top layer of soil at the shrub dries out. It is important to pour water directly on the root system without disturbing the flowers or leaves.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Fertilizer

To grow a flowering and lush bush, it is sufficient to purchase a complex mineral fertilizer for flowers. Prepare by following the instructions on the specific fertilizer. Fertilizer is made before the beginning of flowering. In the spring, nitrogen fertilizer should be applied once, which stimulates growth. Do not reapply them in the summer, as this will cause further growth and the flower will not be able to prepare properly for the cold period of the year.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Вместо mineral fertilizers, some gardeners do mulch the soil near the trunk with compost. This will provide the lavender plant with all the nutrients it needs during the growing season.

Trimming

The only way to get a nice, neat, properly shaped lavender bush is through proper pruning. This procedure should be done in autumn but not just after the flowering period. All old inflorescences should be removed and a third of the green mass should be trimmed. If the bush is well maintained and healthy, spring pruning is also possible. Pruning encourages normal growth and will give the bush a nice shape.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

The important rule of lavender pruning is not to remove excess. It's best to cut as little as possible so as not to destroy the plant.

Winter preparation

Some lavender species have excellent frost tolerance; they can tolerate temperatures as low as -25°C. Older gardeners still recommend covering these types too, not to mention the more heat-loving ones.

It is recommended to start preparing lavender for winter as early as the end of fall. First of all, pruning should be done. Next, the bush is covered with coniferous lapnuts. Do not use leaves or sawdust for winter cover as it will wither and may rot.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

General care advice and recommendations for lavender

  • Recent soil loosening around the shrub.
  • Timely remove weeds.
  • In dry summers, it is important to control soil drying and increase the frequency of watering.
  • For good development and abundant flowering, lavender should be planted in open sunny areas.
  • Don't forget to fertilize. Additional nutrients are very important for vegetation.
  • In preparation for winter, pruning and covering the shrub with lapdot is necessary.

Following all of the above guidelines, even an inexperienced gardener will be able to grow beautiful lavender flowers on their plot.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Peculiarities of lavender growing in different regions of Russia

Middle belt and Moscow suburbs

The narrow-leaved lavender: English or medicinal is considered an excellent option for this territory. These are undemanding varieties with sufficient frost resistance. Seeds can be sown in the open field from the middle of May, as long as the frost has passed. If planting seedlings, the beginning of June is considered the best time. It is important to note that in this region you should not sow seeds in the open soil for the winter - they will simply freeze. As for care, it requires little effort from the gardener.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Southern regions

This area has the most comfortable growing conditions for most lavender species. Because of the high temperatures and abundance of sunlight in summer, it is recommended that the plant be planted in areas with little shade and good air circulation. Remember - excessive watering can kill the bush, it is important to ensure good drainage in the soil.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Northern regions

Cold, rainy autumns and harsh winters are not best for growing perennial lavender species. Accordingly, it is worth planting indoor varieties in pots that can be taken outdoors during the warm season. Outdoor cultivation will definitely require winter cover and careful care during the growing season, even for the winter-hardy hybrid varieties.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Diseases and pests

Lavender is a fairly resistant plant to disease and pest attacks. Diseases are usually caused by improper or inadequate care of the plant. The most common disease of lavender is considered gray rot. This fungal growth causes brown spots on the stems with a small, fluffy patina. If not stopped in time, it will spread to the flowers and foliage and eventually kill the plant.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

To cure the flower, cut off and burn the affected areas. After that, you should additionally treat the bush with a fungicide or a 1% solution of borage mixture. The cause of this disease is overwatering and stagnant water in the soil near the bush.

As for pests, the worst enemy of lavender is considered to be the pennywort. They eat holes in the foliage, which negatively affects the appearance of the plant. In the fight against the bug, you need to cut off the already damaged leaf plates and carry out manual collection of insects. This pest lays its eggs on the stem with a protective foam layer. They can be removed fairly easily and washed off with water.Also, rainbow beetles can attack the foliage and will also have to be collected by hand.

  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    The spitting beetle
  • Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info
    The rainbow bug

To keep lavender disease-free and enjoy its beauty long enough, it is important to observe plant care.

Benefits of lavender

Lavender is not only a beautiful but also a useful plant. It contains essential oils that contain tannins: coumarin, linalool, amyl alcohol, gerniarin, cedrene, citral, bisabolene, as well as oily, valerian and capric acids. Essential lavender oil is found in all the above-ground parts, but a greater concentration of them in the flowers. Its therapeutic properties include diuretic, decongestant, bactericidal, antiseptic and sedative properties.

Lavender has been widely used in folk medicine since ancient times. Because of its unique therapeutic properties, it has a wide range of uses. Prescribed essential oils may be used to treat digestive tract, urogenital system, nervous disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Throughout its many centuries of use, the therapeutic properties of lavender are undeniable.

The essential oil is also widely used in cosmetology. It improves the condition of the hair even when used for the first time. It is used in facial treatments and helps to fight age-related skin changes, relieves allergic reactions and rashes. Before using lavender oil in care or treatment, always consult your doctor.

Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Contraindications

Despite the therapeutic properties, there are also restrictions on the use of lavender oil. It is strictly prohibited during pregnancy. It is also not compatible with any medication that contains iodine or iron.

Excessive or repeated use of the oil can cause irritation of the mucous membranes and can even cause depression.

Interesting facts about lavender

  • The usual color of lavender is purple, but there are varieties with pink and white flowers.
  • Industrial cultivation began in 17th century France. Lavender was grown to produce perfume.
  • The perennial varieties age over time. After only 5 or 6 years of growth they become bare and have an unattractive appearance. They must be changed in good time.
  • Lavender is a valuable honeycomb which provides beekeepers with truly unique and valuable honey.
  • Lavender is used to make exquisite tea blends. In Hungary lavender is even used to make ice cream.
  • Lavender is grown most commercially in Bulgaria with 120 tons of essential oil while in France only 30 tons per year are produced.
  • Lavender got its name \"Lava\" - which means \"to wash\" - after the Romans used to add the plant's flowers to the bath.
Lavender (55 photos) - varieties and species, planting, care, pruning, propagation | Gardeners Info

Lavender growing secrets video

The video will tell you how to achieve luxurious blooms growing lavender on your plot. Join in the viewing!

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