How To Weed Tomatoes In The Greenhouse And Outdoors (40 Photos): Step By Step Description, Schemes For Beginners | Gardeners Info

Tomato shaping is a very important process for producing a ripe and large tomato crop. Inexperienced gardeners ignorantly neglect the simple rules for growing this vegetable crop and end up with a lush, healthy bush with flowers and leaves. Fruits tend to be extremely few and slow to ripen.

Contents

  1. What is tomato trellising and why do you need it
  2. The benefits of trellising
  3. How to properly trellise tomatoes
  4. Step-by-step instructions for the operation
  5. When to trell tomatoes
  6. How to distinguish a trellis from a fruitbrush
  7. Three fallow schemes
  8. Scheme 1 stem
  9. Scheme 2 stem
  10. Scheme 3 stem
  11. Selecting the right scheme for greenhouse and for open bed 
  12. Grassing depending on variety
  13. Indeterminant varieties; varieties
  14. Determinant varieties
  15. Superdeterminant varieties
  16. Determinant varieties that do not require the removal of the stems
  17. Video on proper tomato palletizing

What is tomato palletizing and why do it

In their natural environment, tomatoes  are perennial crops in which the bush begins to branch quite vigorously as it develops. This vegetable crop only grows freely in Mexico with its endless and warm summers. Tomatoes spend the first 3-4 months developing roots and gaining green mass, and only then do they begin to form buds.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

In Mexico's hot climate, tomatoes have an endless warm period to spare. There is no rush for them. Over time, inflorescences will form on each shoot, so there is no need for tomatoes to be stepgrassed under natural growing conditions.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

With such a short gardening season as in Russia, loyalty to the vegetable will lead to the events described above - you will get a decorative, but very beautiful flowering bush.

As the plant grows from the axils of its leaves appear side shoots that are considered to be futile. Besides being completely useless, they take away nutrients from the fruits themselves, preventing them from growing and developing.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

The appearance of these sprouts causes the bush to proliferate actively. For each useful branch where fruit will later be formed, there are usually more than 6 useless branches.

These side branches are called \"stems\". As the bush develops, it is customary to remove them. This process is called \"stepgrassing.\"

Landgrassing is a special vegetable agronomic procedure to increase yields. It is necessary for& the& optimal& development& of the& bush& through& its& proper& formation.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

This leaves only&fruitful&branches&on&the&bush&to&use&the fertilizers&and&nutrients&from&the&ground&more& effectively& and& effectively.

A lot of unnecessary side shoots are formed on tall varieties with tomato branches only around 7-11 leaves.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Benefits of palletizing

  • ripening the fruit comes 2 weeks earlier;
  • you get more ripe tomatoes by the end of the season;
  • tomatoes grow to larger sizes;
  • the chance of infections is reduced because the bush itself becomes less dense;
  • tomatoes get more sunlight;
  • sugars accumulate in the flesh in greater quantities.
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

To achieve the desired result, the bush formation procedure must be carried out competently and systematically.

Let us examine the operation in more detail. The following are step-by-step instructions, formation schemes, peculiarities of working with different varieties, approaches to the procedure in the greenhouse and in the open ground.

How to properly prune tomatoes

Before proceeding with the procedure of removing unnecessary branches, it is worth remembering the main principle - you should not deprive the bush of too much green mass. This will help to avoid stress on the plant, after which its development can be slowed and its immunity reduced.

Remove the shoots that are between the leaf petiole and the stem, all the leaves before the first inflorescence, and especially those that touch the ground. The free circulation of air in the lower tier of the plant greatly reduces the risk of disease.

  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

If the bush begins to branch strongly, follow these rules:

  1. No more than three shoots at a time, so the plant can recover easier. Be prepared for the procedure to take a long time.
  2. Do not let the stems grow too much. Remove to a length of 5 cm.
  3. Always start with the largest offshoots.
  4. Finish the procedure when all offshoots have been removed from the branch below the flowering branch.
  5. Reinitiate stepgrinding when the inflorescence level above has fully formed buds.
  6. All shoots that have formed in place of those removed must also be disposed of.

When doing stepgrinding, it is important not to harm the plant. To keep tomatoes safe, the procedure must be carried out at specific times and according to strict specific rules given by experienced vegetable growers.

Step-by-step instructions for the operation

  1. Start the treatment with healthy plants, as open wounds open the path for infection. The process of stepgrassing always carries the risk of spreading some disease to the entire bed.
  2. If possible, do not use a pruning shear (knife). This vegetable crop tolerates pruning much worse than breaking it up. If the volume of the plant planted is large, sharpen the blade well and disinfect it with 1-2% manganese solution when using pruning shears. When working without secateurs, be sure to wear rubber gloves so that the sap released does not get on your hands.
  3. Do not cut (break off) the stigma at the base, but leave a distance of 3-4 mm. If a small stump is left, there will be no new shoots, no further distance should be allowed because the cut will take longer to heal.
  4. Cut the stalk in a quick movement, taking care not to touch leaves nearby.
  5. Sprink wood ash on the cuttings.
  6. Please disinfect the tools before proceeding to the next step cutting. If you are removing the shoots by breaking them off, disinfect your gloves because even bushes that look healthy may be infected.
  7. Do not stack the stems on the ground. Put all removed shoots in a separate container, and remove immediately from the bed or greenhouse when the procedure is complete.
  8. Water the plants after the operation is complete.
  9. After two days, feed the tomatoes.
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Некоторые tomato varieties are not subjected to the stepgrassing procedure. Even so, it is still necessary to remove the nearest shoot below the inflorescences, as these are the ones that draw the most nutrition. This will make the fruit larger.

When to stepgrass tomatoes

The main rule of a stepgrass fighter is the right time to do the procedure.

The first stepgrassing is done 14 days after planting seedlings in the ground, as soon as the flowers in the lower brush have opened. After the first grafting, this operation should be repeated regularly every 10-14 days.

This period is not chosen by chance. It will not let you miss all the newly growing shoots, and will not allow the bush to thicken.

It is important to remember that in reality the dates of the stepgrassing can \"blur\". Some vegetable growers perform this operation while they are gartering tomatoes.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Pick a warm, clear day and do the procedure in the morning hours so that the wounds from pruning or breaking up have time to heal by evening.

The best time is from 9 to 11 hours.

How to distinguish a stepchild from a fruitbrush;

A shoot called a stepchild may develop a stem, but not a fruiting branch. To avoid confusing the fruiting branch with the \"blank\" branch, so similar in the beginning, let the shoots grow to 4-5 cm. This is usually long enough to see the difference.

First sign

The \"stepchild\" shoot shows leaf buds, and the budding branch shows the bud bud buds. There are no leaves on such a branch.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Second sign

The branches with fruit grow directly from the stem at a short distance from the remaining shoot. Side stems form right in the leaf axils -at the junction of the petiole and stem.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

If you suspect an anomaly in the plant development, which is also not impossible, then leave the shoot for a day. Since the shoots grow quite quickly, you will see definite differences from the fruiting branch in just a few hours.

Depending on the variety, tomatoes branch and form differently. Indeterminant (tall) varieties are the most prone to overgrowth. Without a climbing vine, they can become a real tree that will most likely yield nothing.

That kind of tomato not only needs a climbing vine, but also a pruning vine, which limits the growth of the central stalk.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Trying to figure out how to properly prick tomatoes in the greenhouse or vegetable garden can ensure proper formation of this vegetable crop. Moreover, the variant of formation of bushes themselves depends on the chosen scheme of this procedure. There are several of these methods.

Three types of shaping

As mentioned above: The type of shaping depends on the type of shaping

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

The following varieties of performing the procedure are distinguished.

The 1-stem scheme

In this scheme, all the side shoots are removed, leaving only the stem for future fruits. The main advantage with this variant is quick maturing and large size of vegetables.

The disadvantage is that the bush grows to a great height and requires obligatory garter. Otherwise, it is almost guaranteed to break under the weight of the ripening tomatoes.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

The 2-stem scheme

This scheme does not involve the removal of all the stems. In addition to the main stem 1 side shoot must be left. As a rule, the sturdiest offshoot immediately below the first inflorescence is chosen.

The rest is cut off.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Scheme in 3 stems

The principle is already clear. In addition to the main stem, leave 2 side shoots.

Sprouts not to be removed are selected as follows: find the strongest branch near the lower inflorescence, then, in the immediate vicinity, find another strong twig.

Cut off the rest.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Selecting the right scheme for greenhouse and for the open bed 

The sprinkling of tomatoes in the greenhouse is usually done by the 1st and 2nd schemes, as the 3-flower bush is rarely formed in them. Outdoors, the procedure can be done according to any option, depending on the tomato variety.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

If we consider the very technology of greenhouse and open-bed grazing, they have no differences.
The first operation is done when buds appear, before the side shoots have grown more than 5 centimeters.
If the size of the shoot removed is greater, the chance of tomato bush disease increases. This is then done every 10-14 days.

Grassing according to variety

All tomatoes are divided into 2 basic types, according to their growth: indeterminant and determinant.

When it comes to choosing the method of pruning, it is important to understand that different varieties require a specific approach, taking into account their natural formation.

Indeterminant varieties

The main feature of these tomatoes is their top growth, which is not limited in any way.

Side branches also grow rapidly.

For these varieties, it is necessary to carry out stepgrinding according to a certain scheme with obligatory pruning of the top.

Otherwise, they can reach a great height and grow strongly in all directions. But most importantly, this growth is not to the profitability of the crop. The quantity and quality of the fruit will suffer greatly.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Indeterminant tomato varieties can be spayed according to any scheme, although a 1-stem scheme is most commonly used. The main thing is to prune the top in time, to prevent the bushes from growing too tall.

The following technique is used when growing tomatoes in the greenhouse and using the 1-stem arrangement: the remaining stem, as it grows, is lowered to the ground and laid on its surface. New stems that appear over time are subject to regular removal. Eight to ten stems are left on the main stalks.

The most common indeterminant varieties are: Major, Happiness, Sprout.

  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
    Мажор
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
    Счастье
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
    Спрут

Детерминантные varieties

The main difference between them and  is the limitation of growth of the main stem.

This tomato variety has a fruiting wicker at the top of the bush, which stops the growth of the plant in height. Consequently, once the top inflorescence appears, the number of remaining ovaries is no longer increased.

In this type of tomato, it is extremely important to choose the most fruiting branch correctly.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Forming determinant tomato varieties can cause some difficulty.
The following principlesare recommended for selecting the best quality stem:

  • as a rule, a scheme with 2 or 3 stems is used for formation;
  • stems are cut off at the moment when you can already assess their viability (usually not more than 4 cm);
  • if there are doubts about the right choice, it is better to leave them until flowering begins and only then remove unwanted branches;
  • When growing in an open bed, it is allowed to refuse to use a stepgrid, because it is possible to place the bushes at a sufficient distance from each other;
  • the left stem retains 6-8 inflorescences.

The planting of determinate tomato varieties requires a special approach. Since this type of tomato has a tendency to grow laterally, the distance between the bushes should be at least 30-35 cm when planting.

The most common determinate varieties are: Azure, Kukla.

  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Супердетерминантные сорта

С развитием технологий были выведены новые — супердетерминантные виды томатов. These require extreme care in conducting the stepgrassing procedure.

How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

So far, modern tomato varieties that do not require a stepgrassing procedure

Also currently very popular are modern tomato varieties that do not require a stepgrass.

Moskvich, Vityaz, Raketa, Vikonte, Yamal, Alaska, Crimson Miracle, Bely Naliv (241), Vershok are among these tomato varieties.

  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
    Аляска
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info
    Малиновое Miracle
  • How to weed tomatoes in the greenhouse and outdoors (40 photos): step by step description, schemes for beginners | Gardeners Info

Video on how to properly sprout tomatoes

A useful video on how to How to do proper shaping of medium- and high-growing tomato bushes. Carrying out proper tomato shrub stepgrassing when growing on a homestead plot. Join in watching!

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