Horseshoe - All About Garden Jasmine: Description, Species And Varieties, Planting And Care | Gardeners Info

The Chubushnik is an amazing flowering shrub that can be a real decoration for any garden. At the peak of its blossoms, it turns into a snow-white cloud. There are varieties with different flowering times, allowing you to enjoy the beauty and fragrance from May to August. There are also low, medium and tall varieties that allow you to create a unique composition on the site.

The plant is often called a jasmine due to the visual similarity and the pleasant subtle fragrance of the flowers. Yet jasmine and chubushnik are different plants that belong to different botanical families and require different care.

  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

The bush gets its name from the soft core and hard wood used to make mouthpieces and chubules for smoking pipes. The Latin name of the plant is Philadelphus after the Egyptian King Ptolemy Philadelphus.

Content

  1. Brief description
  2. Chubushnik species and varieties
  3. Chubushnik common
  4. Chubushnik crown
  5. Chubushnik fluffy
  6. Chubushnik Fine-leaved
  7. Thin-leaved Chubushnik
  8. Scented Chubushnik
  9. Lemoine Chubushnik
  10. Chubushnik Srenka
  11. Peculiarities of growing Chubushnik
  12. How and when to plant Chubushnik
  13. Propagation methods
  14. Herbicide
  15. Sprouting
  16. Seed propagation
  17. Propagation by root
  18. How to take care of the How to care for your hickory
  19. Watering
  20. Feeding
  21. Trimming
  22. Wintering
  23. Possible problems in growing hickory
  24. Diseases and pests
  25. Cultivation video, Care and pruning of the hibushberry

Brief description

The hibushberry belongs to the hydrangea family. They are deciduous shrubs. Young plants have thin brown bark, while adults have gray bark. The plant has hard wood with a rather bulky soft core.

  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Leaflets are oval or egg-shaped up to 7 cm long. The flowers are simple and have a fine, pleasant fragrance with a slight fringe. They are gathered in voluminous tassels, located on the tops of young shoots. The fruit is represented by a polyhedral box with small seeds.

The plant has good indicators of winter resistance, but there are varieties that can grow only in warm climates or with appropriate care. It is important to note, if severe frosts occur, the above-ground part of the plant may die, but a strong root system with the onset of favorable conditions will restore the bush.

  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Виды and varieties of hickory

There are a total of 66 species of hickory. All have their own distinctive features and peculiarities of growth.

The most popular species and varieties in horticulture.

The common hickory

The most classic and striking representative of the family. It is a branched shrub with long shoots up to 3 meters, on the tops of which beautiful creamy brushes of flowers appear during the flowering period. The leaf lamina is simple with an oval shape.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Chenberry Chubushnik

The species has excellent frost tolerance. The bark has a yellowish or reddish tint. Leaf blades are oval on one side, pubescent on the other, ugly. Brushes are loose with cream-colored flowers. Begins to bloom in June. Blossom period up to 3 weeks. Varieties:

  • \"Aurea\" - the distinctive feature is the yellowish leaves which change their color during the growing season. It grows up to 3 meters tall. When growing in open sunny areas it blooms very abundantly. Requires pruning at the end of the growing season.
  • White Lady: maximum height 1.5 meters. It has a wide dense crown. At the beginning of June, it starts to bloom with white, frosty flowers with a pleasant fragrance.
  • \"Variegatus\" - grows up to 1.3 meters. The first flowers appear in the second half of June. The leaf plate is green to 7 centimeters with a white border around the edge.
  • \"Snow Avalanche\" - the feature of the variety is the hanging beautiful branches with small toothed leaves. Flowering begins in June and lasts 3 weeks. The fragrance of the flowers is reminiscent of the smell of strawberries.
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Ауреа
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Белая дама
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Вариегатус
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Снежная Avalanche

Chubushnik fluffy

It differs from other species in the fluffiness of the lower part of the leaf plate. The bark is present only in the lower part of the shoots. It blooms in mid-summer. The inflorescences are lush white, odorless.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Chubushnik fine-leaved

These are small shrubs up to 1.5 meters tall with fine foliage up to 2 centimeters in length. Flowers are singular or gathered in small inflorescences. The main advantage is the unique aroma of strawberries. Popular varieties:

  • \"Avalanche\" - has many thin, curved trunks. The leaves are light green pointed. Flowers are cream colored in the form of bells.
  • \"Montblanc\" small shrubs with fragrant pubescent white flowers. Leaves are even, up to 4 cm. Blossoms within a month, starting in the middle of June.
  • \"Moonlight\" - the variety has a dense crown with small dark leaves. The flowers are white or creamy with a greenish tint and have a slight fudge. Blossoms for just over 3 weeks beginning in mid-June.
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Аваланш
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Монблан
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Лунный Light

Thin-leaved Chubushnik

In popular usage, it is often called \"wild jasmine.\" as it often grows in natural conditions of mixed forests. The thickness and size of the leaf plate depends directly on the light. Not fanciful in care. Flowering comes in June and lasts 2 weeks. Flowers rather large white color. Has excellent frost resistance characteristics. Best varieties:

  • \"Subintegra\" - The bush has a spherical crown consisting of even, large leaves. Colors are gathered in brushes of 4-7 flowers that are odorless.
  • \"Multiflora\" is the best decorative variety of the species with large brushes of 10-12 flowers.
  • \"Dentata\" - the leaf plastic has a pronounced toothed edge. Can grow on almost any soil.
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Субинтегра
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Мультифлора
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Дентата

Чубушник odorless

The main feature of the species' plants is their lack of odor. This is compensated for by its amazing appearance in lush blooms. The tallest shrub of the family is up to 4 meters in height. At the same time, the crown itself can have a diameter of 3 meters. Leaf blades are long 6-12 centimeters. The flowers are also large up to 5 centimeters.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Chubushnik Lemoine

This is a hybrid species that includes many subspecies. It is distinguished by its intense sweet smell. The bushes are up to 3 meters tall with fine foliage and white flowers. The species is named after the famous French breeder, Victor Lemoine. Together with his son and wife he developed about 40 varieties, the most popular of which are:

  • \"Albatre\" up to 2 meters in height. The leaf plate is lanceolate to 4 centimeters. Flowers are semi-maple, white up to 4 centimeters in diameter with a pineapple scent.
  • \"Virginal\" is a plant with a spreading crown. It can grow to a height of three meters. It is a cross between a small-leaved variety and a Virginian variety. It is a fast growing variety with large, voluminous flowers and a pleasant, bright fragrance. The Manto d'Hermine has narrow, pointed leaves of a light green color. The blossom lasts nearly two months. The flowers are gathered in large inflorescences. Demanding to the soil.
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Альбатре
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Вирджиналь
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Манто D'Ermin

Chubushnik Schrenk

Another species worthy of a gardener's attention. It is characterized by small flowers gathered in clusters of 9 pieces.  The leaf plates are ellipse-shaped with serrated edges. Young plants have brown bark with tufts. During the second growing season, the bark cracks and crumbles.

These are not all species and varieties, but they are the most valuable to gardeners and florists due to their attractive appearance and delicate fragrance.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Precautions of growing Chubushnik

The growing process has no special difficulties. It is important to pay particular attention to the plant during the first three years of growth. Proper planting, care and attention will determine the fate and appearance of the plant.

How and when to plant the hickory

This is a light loving plant that prefers to grow in open areas. The lushness of flowering depends on the degree of light. In the shade, the flowers will be few, they will be small, and the shoots will be very long.

With regard to soil, the ideal option is to make a substrate yourself. For this you need to take leaf soil, sand and humus in a ratio of 3:2:1. During the first growing season, this mixture will provide the plants with the necessary nutrients. If the soil in the place of planting has low water permeability, you will need to create additional drainage. Stagnant water could kill the plant.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Towing recommendations:

  1. You should prepare a hole for planting. Its size should correspond to the volume of the root system of the seedling to be used. As a rule, it is enough to dig a hole 60 centimeters in diameter and the same amount in depth.
  2. If planting chubushnik in groups, it is necessary to take into account that the crowns of bushes are quite voluminous. Because of this, the distance between the seedlings should be about 1.5 meters. When creating a hedge, it is advisable to reduce the distance to 70 centimeters.
  3. At the bottom of the hole, it is desirable to lay a drainage layer, which prevents stagnant water.
  4. After that, the seedling is placed in the hole and covered with the substrate of sand, mulch and leaf soil prepared in advance.
Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Particular attention should be paid to the root neck when planting. It is important that it be submerged no more than 2 centimeters into the soil. Otherwise, rotting and, as a consequence, death of the bush is possible.

Propagation of hickory can be carried out in early spring, before the first buds appear, or in the first half of autumn. In any of the variants the chance of survival of a seedling is rather high as the plant is not fastidious and has excellent frost-resistance characteristics.

Spreading methods

Thickberry can be planted on your plot in 4 ways.

Hercutting

It is the easiest and most effective variant as cuttings take roots perfectly. Both woody and young green cuttings can be used for propagation.

Green shoots should be cut in June and can be planted. For spring planting, cuttings are prepared from the fall. One-year shoots are cut, and then they should be wrapped in polyethylene and put in a cool place. Already in the spring the shoots are cut into cuttings with 3-4 buds and a length of 20 centimeters. The cut of the upper part should be straight and the lower part at an angle of 45 °. For good growth and development, the lower part should be soaked in growth stimulant for a day.

  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Подготовленные cuttings are planted at an incline in a prepared substrate of peat and sand in an equal ratio. After planting, it is important to water regularly. In 1.5 months the cuttings will give roots, allowing them to be planted in the open ground.

Raising by grafts

Before flowering, selected shoots are bent to the ground and a wire harness is set 1 centimeter above the bottom bud. This will lead to thickening and appearance of stubs, after which the stem should be covered with soil. In the fall, the withdrawal can be planted separately.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Seed propagation

This is a very laborious and time consuming process that will only produce a flowering plant in 5 years. Sowing should be done in March or November. The seeds should be soaked in growth stimulator for 3 hours before planting. After that, the seeds are placed in a container or bag with sawdust, where they stand for another 3 days. Having done all this, the seed can be sown in a pot in a clay-sand-permixture substrate. The seeds should be covered with a thin layer of peat and the container covered and regularly moistened.

  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Root part propagation

This is only suitable for young plants. You will need to dig out the whole bush and divide the root system into parts. This procedure is best done in October.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

How to care for your cocklebur

It is not a very demanding plant that can grow in natural conditions without human intervention. Yet to get a really beautiful and lushly blooming bush on your plot you need to make some effort.

Watering

The bush does not have a high drought tolerance, so it requires timely watering. During hot summers, watering at least once every two days is necessary. Without watering, leaves will droop quickly. Under normal conditions, watering is required 1-2 times a week. At the same time, 2-3 winds of water should be poured under the bedding circle.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

After each watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil near the chubushnik and remove weeds. To save time, you can mulch the soil near the trunk with shavings or straw. This method will also reduce the frequency of watering, because moisture will not evaporate as quickly. It is important to feed the plant in early spring with purchased nitrogen-based complex fertilizers or make a solution of cowpea (1:10) and pour under the bush.

The second time to make fertilizer is at the end of the flowering period. For this purpose, potassium (1 tablespoon) and phosphate (2 tablespoons) fertilizer is diluted in a bucket of water and poured under the bush. Instead of mineral fertilizers, ash can be used. It is enough to spread 2 cups of ash evenly under the bush and a little earth. Before wintering it is advisable to place a 5 cm layer of compost or humus in the bedding circle.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Trimming

Trimming is an important care stage as flower buds are laid on annual shoots in chubushniks. To do this, all branches with dried inflorescences should be cut off after the flowering stage. This will allow you to channel nutrients to strengthen the shoots. In addition, pruning will allow you to create a beautiful shape of the crown of the bush. Weak or damaged branches should be cut back.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Even neglected and ungroomed bushes can be restored with spring pruning. Cut out all branches by the root before the sap starts to emerge. Only a few of the strongest shoots up to 30 centimeters long should be left. It is from these stumps that the hickory will revive. The new young shoots will allow you to form a beautiful decorative crown.

Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info

Winter preparation will not require much effort because most species are winter hardy. But when buying a young seedling it is worth specifying what degree of frost resistance this variety has.

The ground part of the hickory can completely freeze out at very severe frosts. But with the onset of spring, the root system quickly recovers the bush and produces new young shoots. Because of this, before the onset of cold weather, it is recommended to carry out a small insulation of the roots. To do this, it is enough to mulch the area near the trunk with a layer of peat, straw or dry grass. With the arrival of spring, the mulch should be removed.

Possible problems in the cultivation of hickory

Gardeners may encounter various problems during cultivation. Here is an example of the most common:

  • Dropping or twisting of leaves. This usually indicates an irregular or insufficient watering of the plant. The problem can be solved by using an automatic site watering system.
  • The hibiscus does not bloom. The reason for the lack of flowering may be the wrong territory for planting. Insufficient light or unsuitable soil. Excess nitrogen in the fertilizer can lead to good growth but no flowers.
  • If the hibushberry does not flower in its 4th year, this indicates a lack of light. The problem can only be solved by replanting.
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Скручивание листвы
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Отсутствие цветения

Болезни And pests

The Chubushnik is a fairly robust and resistant plant to changes in the environment. But with improper care, it can be affected by fungal diseases. The most common are septoriosis spot and gray rot. These diseases can develop due to excessive moisture caused by stagnant water in the soil.

  • Gray rot. Appears with sudden changes in temperature or prolonged rainfall. This disease can very quickly affect the entire bush. The first sign is brown spots on the leaf plates and lower part of the shoots. Chubushnik can be cured by treating the plant with a borage mixture. If there are several bushes growing nearby, the neighboring bushes should also be treated for prevention.
  • Septoriosis. The first signs are brown spots up to 0.5 centimeters in diameter appear on the upper part of the leaf. If you do not act, the disease progresses, leading to the fall of the leaves. A beard mixture will also help in the treatment.
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Gray rot
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Septoriosis

Some insects attack the chubushnik, such as Weevils, aphids, putin mite and hawthorns. These pests can be controlled with special preparations that are widely available in horticultural stores.

  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Долгоносик
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Паутинный клещ
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Боярышница
  • Horseshoe - all about garden jasmine: description, species and varieties, planting and care | Gardeners Info
    Тля

Видео о выращивании, Care and pruning of hibiscus

The video touches on the cultivation and care of hibiscus (garden jasmine). The author tells about the stages of pruning and by the example of his plants and shows in practice the whole process. Recommended viewing!

The chubushnik is a popular and beloved garden plant by many. Its lush blooming appearance and pleasant fragrance will delight the owner and his guests.

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