Carrot Feeding - When And What To Fertilize Carrots For A Rich Harvest | Gardener Info

The carrot is one of the most popular root vegetables in our diet. Rich in vitamins and microelements, it is used in a variety of dishes and in different forms - fresh, stewed, boiled and others.

Growing carrots on your plot is possible for every gardener, but to do so, you need to know how to properly care for them. Otherwise you can get horny, ugly and bitter instead of beautiful, level and tasty fruits.

It is especially important to properly feed the root crops. In this respect, carrots are a rather capricious vegetable. Feeding should be not only regular, but also competent. It should begin with site preparation.

  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Содержание

  1. Подготовка почвы
  2. Предпосевная подготовка семян
  3. Удобрения для моркови
  4. Органические
  5. Травяной настой
  6. Настой ash
  7. Mineral complexes
  8. First feeding
  9. Second feeding
  10. Third feeding
  11. Fourth feeding
  12. Signs of nutrient deficiencies or excess
  13. Nitrogen     
  14. Kalium
  15. Phosphorus
  16. A video on how to properly feed carrots for a rich harvest

Preparing the soil

It is advisable to prepare the site in fall. What does it take?

  1. Cultivate the plot to a depth of 40-45 cm. This is approximately one and a half bayonet of a spade. Some gardeners at this stage make fertilizers - mineral or organic. But it is much more important to make deoxidizing substances in autumn.
  2. Soil can be deoxidized with the help of ash or lime-fluff. Sour soil produces poor quality carrots. But the simultaneous application of ash and mineral fertilizer is unacceptable, because they neutralize each other.
  3. Big clods do not have to be broken up. Spread ash or lime right on top, and apply half a pail of sand to each square meter of the plot. Over the winter the lumps will be additionally loosened by precipitation and frost.
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

In spring, double superphosphate (30 g per 1 m2) and potassium sulfate (15 g) are applied to the plot. Now the plot should be tilled again, breaking up the clods of soil well and mixing the fertilizer with the soil.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Seed preparation

The carrot seeds are prepared before sowing with fertilizer. Seeds may be treated in one of the following ways:

  • Soak the seeds in a solution of growth stimulants - Epin, HB-101, etc.
  • An ash solution - dissolve 1 tsp. ash in 0,5 l. water is also used.
  • In humates prepared according to the instructions of the preparations - Energen, potassium humate, etc.
  • In solution of succinic acid - 1 tablet per 0.5 L of warm water.
Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

The time for keeping seeds in solutions is not longer than 30 minutes. Afterwards the seeds should be rinsed with clean water.

Fertilizers for carrots

After sowing and sprouting carrots, regular fertilizing of the plants should be arranged. What kind of fertilizer is used for this?

Organic

As mentioned above, fresh manure is not used as fertilizer for carrots. You can use humus, but only after three years, not before. It is introduced in the fall under the digging.

The herbal infusion

This is one of the best organic fertilizers for carrots. It is easy to prepare:

  1. Fill a container (this can be a bucket or a barrel) three quarters full of fresh grass. Nettles, plantain, gout, clover, beet tops, etc. are best suited for this purpose. If the grass is crushed, the process will go faster.
  2. The container is filled to the top with water and covered with a lid, but so that the liquid has access to air. Infuse for about a week at a temperature above 15° C. When bubbles appear on top, the infusion is ready to use.
  3. Pour 2 liters of infusion into a 10-liter bucket and add clean water. A fertilizing solution is obtained. For 1m2planting carrots 6-7 liters of such solution are used.
Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Wood ashes infusion

  1. A bucket is filled with 2 liters of sifted ashes and filled with warm water. Infuse for 3-4 days, stirring constantly.
  2. Then the infusion is drained from the sediment, it is not necessary to strain it. The mother liquor is obtained.
  3. Fertilizer solution is prepared from it - 1 liter of mother liquor per 10 liters of water. Consumption of fertilizer solution per 1 m2 planting is 5 liters.
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Минеральные комплексные

Этот вид удобрений применяют осторожно, by strictly following the instructions of the preparation.

  • Nitroammophoska - ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium 14:14:23
  • Nitrophoska - nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contained in equal parts.
  • Azophoska - Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium ratio 22:11:11 (or 16:16:16, or 19:19:19 depending on type of fertilizer).
  • Potassium monophosphate - contains 33% potassium and 52% phosphorus in an easily digestible form.
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Все types of fertilizer are applied only on wet ground. When fertilizer is applied, the solution will inevitably get on the carrot leaves. This can cause leaf scorch. So after fertilizing you should also sprinkle the carrot planting with clean water.

First fertilization

The first time you fertilize carrot sprouts which have reached a height of 4-5 cm and 3-4 true leaves have formed. By this time, the carrot plantings should already be thinned. Use fertilizers containing a maximum of nitrogen, because the plants need to build up green mass. Phosphorus is also needed for normal root development. Azofoska contains both of these elements in the right quantities and proportions.

For preparing the fertilizer solution, 1 tbsp. of azofoska is dissolved in a bucket of water. It is recommended to first dilute this amount in a half-litre jar, mix well and only then pour into a bucket of water and mix well again. For one linear meter of carrot row you would use 5 liters of solution.

  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
  • Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Two weeks after this additional fertilization with grass infusion should be made. At the same time, foliar feeding with a 2% solution of succinic acid, applied 3 days after the herbal infusion, is also very useful.

The solution can be prepared as follows:

  1. 10 amber acid tablets are well crushed and dissolved in a half-liter jar of warm water.
  2. Stir for a few minutes so that no grains remain at the bottom of the jar.
  3. Then pour into a bucket with water and stir well again.
  4. After filtration, pour into a sprayer and lightly treat the carrot plants. This should be done on a warm, windless evening when there is no threat of precipitation. At least two hours should be left on the plant.
Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Second fertilization

After the first fertilization with mineral fertilizer a second fertilization is made in a month. It is carried out with nitrophoska with equal parts of the elements. Dilute fertilizers in a lower concentration than written in the instructions, so as not to create an excess of nutrients, which will negatively affect the taste of fruits.

On 10 liters of water take 1 teaspoon of nitrophoska or nitroammofoska. Do not forget the rules of feeding only on wet ground. For 1 linear meter of carrot planting, 5 liters of solution are spent. After 1 to 2 weeks, you can additionally fertilize the carrots with wood ash solution.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

The third top dressing

When the root crop is actively building up mass. Potassium and phosphorus fertilizers are needed now to increase the sugar content of carrots. Potassium monophosphate is the most suitable fertilizer during this period.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Dilute 30 g fertilizer in 10 l water and water the carrots at the rate of 5 l per 1 linear meter of planting. And again after 2 weeks, carry out an additional fertilization with ash infusion.

Fourth fertilization

For carrots, three fertilizations, as described above, are usually sufficient during vegetation. But on very poor soils, where the content of nutrients is minimal, it is possible to carry out the fourth feeding. It is done in the same way as the third, but without additional fertilization with ash infusion after 2 weeks.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info

Signs of deficiency or overnutrition

Either deficiency or overnutrition is not good for carrots. The taste of the root crop may be altered, the appearance may be impaired, and the stamina may be reduced. Consider some signs of excess or deficiency of nutrients.

Nitrogen    

The lack of it shows a weak growth of the above-ground part, it becomes light green. The fruit itself is small, crooked, and bitter-tasting.

Overabundance causes \"horniness\" and softening of the fruit, decreases carrot storability, leaves greatly increase in size and become dark green.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
Excess nitrogen

Kalium

Deficiency of this element makes carrots hard, juiciness is completely absent, skin is tough, corky. Carrots lose immunity to fungal diseases and are more easily damaged by pests.

In excessive amounts of potassium, carrot leaves become sort of burnt, with dry brown tips.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
Potassium excess

Phosphorus

In phosphorus deficiency, the carrot root does not have sufficient growth strength. Therefore, weak lateral roots appear, carrots begin to branch out, and yields are greatly reduced.

Carrot feeding - when and what to fertilize carrots for a rich harvest | Gardener Info
Phosphorus deficiency

If the soil has excess phosphorus compounds, the rind color takes on a reddish hue.

Video on how to properly feed carrots for a rich harvest

The secrets of properly feeding carrots with ash. Watch the video!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Fields marked with * are required. *