Black Diamond Apple Tree (30 Photos) - Description Of The Variety, Cultivation And Care | Gardeners Info

This variety of apple tree with an unusual color of ripe fruit is currently grown in the mountainous regions of Tibet, is unpretentious and resistant to cold, so it would do well in many Russian regions: in the middle belt and near Moscow, in the Northern Caucasus, in the Crimea and some more northern regions.

The main characteristics of the Black Diamond (other name Black Diamond) apple tree, cultivation features and many other features will be discussed below.

Content

  1. History of the variety
  2. Description
  3. Description of the fruit tree
  4. Fruit description
  5. Application fruit
  6. Fruit bearing
  7. Diseases and pests
  8. Main advantages
  9. Nuances of planting and care
  10. Preparing for the winter season
  11. Feedback from those who have planted
  12. Fruit tree, Brief video review of the Black Diamond apple variety

The history of the variety

The seedlings of these apple trees, named Hua Niu (others say Hua Nu), are said to have arrived in China from New Zealand in 2010. Their fruits were so original and original that consumers started a real rush buying these almost black apples. That same year an orchard of these apple trees was planted in the highlands of Nyingchi Province where nature provided the right conditions for these fruit trees to grow and bear, including plenty of sunlight and a sufficient supply of heat.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

And after 5 seasons, unusual fruits with purple, almost black skin color appeared in markets in several Chinese cities. The name of this variety means \"Black Diamond\" in Chinese, and each fruit was sold in an individual package, with the price for each fruit being quite high - about $18-20. These apple trees were grown exclusively in China, and the seedlings were not exported. However, some amateur gardener from England still managed to grow the first seedling in his country from a piece of petiole. And now it is possible to buy these fruit trees for gardeners around the world, although it is quite difficult to find Black Diamond seedlings on sale.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Description

This apple variety has a long life span, good fruit bearing, requires little care and is resistant to severe cold. Therefore, it will grow well in Russian regions with problematic climatic conditions, such as some areas of Siberia or the Urals.

Trees must be planted in well sunlighted places, otherwise the skin of the fruit will not acquire a deep purple color.

The variety is frost-resistant and can tolerate cold weather well down to -24-26 degrees Celsius.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Fruit tree description

The apple trees in this variety reach 4 m in height, so it is considered medium-grown. But experts in China believe that this apple tree should be pruned so that its height does not exceed 2.5-3 m. It would then be easier to care for such a fruit tree and harvest more easily.

The Black Diamond apple tree is considered to be an autumn variety.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

In Russian regions this apple variety should be grown on clonal stem stock - Russian growers have not yet grown the Black Diamond apple tree in any other way.

The crown of young trees is oval or broad-oval, in adult apple trees it becomes spreading. But adult trees can also develop branches similar to weeping willows.

The root system of the Black Diamond apple tree is beautifully branched, with its roots going deep into the ground in search of moisture. This occurs because these fruit trees are adapted to grow in mountainous terrain.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

The apple trees have straight, medium length branches with green-brown or brown-steel bark. The shoots are well foliated, with foliage covering the branches completely. It is less than medium-sized, oval, with a short, pointed tip. The matte leaves are thickened, leathery to the touch, with many fine serrations along the edges. The leaves can curl inward and the edges are slightly wavy. Leaf coloration is richly emerald.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Fruit description

Fruit apples are large to very large with average weight of 250-300 g or more. The shape of the fruits is rounded, slightly elongated. The apples are one-dimensional, their ribbing is clearly visible. The skin is compact, smooth and smooth, with an evident shine, without oilyness or beeswax. In full sunlight, the skin gradually acquires a dark purple color with a plum tint, though the apples may appear darker, almost black. Cover blush of these apples does not happen. But there are very many well visible subcutaneous dots of gray or gray-greenish coloration.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

The flesh of these apples is boiling white, fine grained, juicy, with a distinctive fruit aroma. It is said to be a dessert variety due to its sweet taste with light acidity. Its tasters gave it a score of 4.9 out of 5, considered very good.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Спелые apples due to their thick skin carry well over long distances, They can be stored for long periods of time.

Apple applications

These apples are consumed fresh due to their dessert flavor. As the fruits of this tree are very rare in our country and are expensive, they are not used for preservation.

Berrying

Black Diamond apple-tree has high yield-according to Chinese specialists, up to 160-170 kg of ripe apples can be gathered from each mature tree. But in our country apple trees of this variety have just started to appear in orchards, so there is no feedback from Russian gardeners about the yield of this fruit tree yet - because the apple tree begins to bear fruit in 5 years after planting, and actively fruiting starts only by 10 years.

The Black Diamond apple tree is considered fully self-bearing and it does not need any pollinator trees nearby for pollination. Under natural conditions she is found at a height where there are no other fruit trees, including apple trees. It therefore requires only sunshine and bees or other insect pollinators that flock to these fruit trees, attracted by the strong scent of blossoming trees. This is another advantage of this variety.

  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info
  • Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Diseases and pests

These trees are used to changes in temperature conditions during the summer season and can tolerate cold temperatures up to -38 degrees Celsius without shelter in winter. Also, the Black Diamond apple tree calmly tolerates gusts of cold wind and drafts. But if it blows constantly, these apple-trees may become ill.

It is believed that this apple-tree is not susceptible to those fungal diseases that affect other varieties of apple growing in Russia. But there is no specific information about this. Also pests do not settle on these apple trees. Nevertheless, preventive treatment of trees is still necessary.

Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Main advantages

The main advantages of this variety should include:

  • large-fruited;
  • great appearance and good taste of ripe fruits;
  • original skin color of ripe apples;
  • high yield of adult apples;
  • trees excellently tolerate frost and can comfortably endure periods of drought due to its strong long root system;
  • ripe fruits are perfectly transportable and have good storability;
    trees are self-pollinated, they do not need pollinating trees nearby.
Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

For minusthe following should be noted:

  • seedlings of this apple variety are very rare in Russia;
  • the variety is not known for its early maturity.

Nuances of planting and care

While this variety of apple trees is considered exotic by Russian gardeners, but Chinese experts say about unpretentiousness of Black Diamond apple, but requires good light and heat during vegetation period. It is ideal to plant this apple tree on southwestern slopes.

The seedlings of this fruit tree are planted as well as other fruit trees. But it must be remembered that the distance between adjacent apple trees of this variety should be about 5.0-6.0 m.

Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

In growing these fruit trees, it is recommended that their crowns be shaped so that the trees are not more than 3 m high.

It is possible to grow this variety of apple trees in bent and shrub forms.

The Black Diamond apple grows well in almost all types of soils, but does not tolerate overly fertile ones. Therefore, in the Black Earth zone, it is recommended to \"dilute\" the soil with river sand and loam.

Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Important! As the roots of this apple tree go deep into the soil, it is advisable to pay attention to the water table on the site - it should not be closer to the water surface than 5-6 m, otherwise the root system will rot.

The root neck of the tree when planting should be 6-9 cm above the ground.

Saplings of this tree are sold only with a closed root system, so they can be planted permanently throughout the growing season.

But experts recommend planting this apple tree in the fall, when leaves have already fallen and at least 20 days remain before frosts.

Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Preparing for the winter season

This apple tree is highly resistant to frost and withstands the cold to -40 degrees Celsius without shelter. But it is still recommended in cold regions to cover these trees before the onset of frosts. To do this, a thick trunk of straw is thrown into the rootstocks and the base of the trunk is wrapped with burlap or agrovolok.

Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Although rodents and other harmful insects do not damage the bark of these apple trees, still in spring and autumn, it is recommended to whiten the trunks to a height of 1.5 m.

Black diamond apple tree (30 photos) - description of the variety, cultivation and care | Gardeners Info

Feedback from those who have planted

Since the Black Diamond apple tree has just been planted by gardeners in Russia, no data on its fruit-bearing and yields yet, as the variety is not a fast-ripening one.

But judging by the descriptions of Chinese specialists, this variety is frost-resistant, requires little care, is self-pollinated and high-yielding. And its fruits have an unusual color and great taste, so Russian gardeners should plant at least one apple of this variety on their plot.

Brief video review of the variety of apples Black Diamond

What apples of this variety taste like. Why are Black Diamond apples so expensive? Watch it!

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